Geographic location:Renhua on the northeast side of Shaoguan, Guangdong Province
Main scenic spot:Yangyuan Mountain Scenic Area
Geographical features:Danxia landform
Danxia Mountain Scenic Area is located in Renhua County on the northeast side of Shaoguan, Guangdong Province. Danxia Mountain is composed of red sand-sand-rock, featuring Chibi Danya. The geologist named Danxia Mountain as the “Danxia Landform”.
Danxia Mountain Scenic Area is a national key scenic spot, national nature reserve, the first batch of national AAAA-level tourist areas, national geological parks, national AAAAA-level tourist areas, and the first batch of world geoparks. It is also known as the “Natural Naked Park”.
Danxia Mountain Scenic Area is located in the northeastern suburb of Shaoguan City, Guangdong Province, China. The geographical coordinates range from 113 degrees 36 minutes to 113 degrees 47 minutes east, 24 degrees 51 minutes to 25 degrees 4 minutes north latitude, and the total area of the scenic area is 292 km. The total area is 373km. The environmental protection zone of the scenic spot is extended to the peripheral roads. The north and west are basically bounded by the S246 provincial highway (new line) and the Xinyiren highway (planning). The northeast, east and southeast are basically bounded by the 106 national highway and the 323 national highway.
The landscape of Danxia Mountain Scenic Area is composed of more than 680 top-flat, steep, gentle red gravel rocks. It features the Dhibi Dan Cliff, which is called the Danxia landform. It is the most typical development in the world. The most abundant shape and the most beautiful scenery of Danxia landforms. Danxia Mountain is a large inland basin. It is affected by the Himalaya movement. The surrounding mountains are strongly uplifted. The basin receives a large amount of debris deposits, forming a thick red stratum, which belongs to the red layer. The red sandstone on the mountain is eroded by long-term weathering and water erosion, forming isolated peaks and steep rock formations. The thick red sand and conglomerate develop along vertical joints.
Danxia Mountain Scenic Area is located on the southern slope of the Nanling Mountains. It belongs to the southern subtropical zone and has the subtropical monsoon humid climate with a transition from the mid-subtropical to the southern subtropical. It is short in summer and long in winter, cloudy in spring and summer, with less precipitation in autumn and winter, and high in autumn. The Danxia Mountain Scenic Area is a monsoon area. Due to its relatively long distance from the ocean, it is rarely directly damaged by typhoons. Basically, it is only affected by the low-pressure circulation around the typhoon. However, the typhoon has a great impact on the autumn rainfall of Danxia Mountain. There is no rainfall without typhoon, and there is less water supply. The average annual temperature of Danxia Mountain is 19.7 degrees Celsius, and the average maximum temperature and average minimum temperature are characterized by autumn higher than spring. The daily average precipitation of Danxia Mountain is 1715 mm, and the precipitation days are 172 days.
In plant resources, it has obvious characteristics of transition between mid-subtropical and southern subtropical. There are 216 families, 891 genera and 1916 species in Danxia Mountain. Among them, there are 1706 species in Danxia Mountain flora, belonging to 778 genera of 206 families; 23 rare and endangered plants in Danxia Mountain; 5 species in the IUCN red list; 16 species in Chinese species red list; 13 species in national key protected wild plants; There are 347 species of 204 genera belonging to 97 families in Danxia Mountain. Among them, Danxia Wutong, Danxia Nancan and Danxia Xiaocao Moss are the most prominent and representative. There are 13 species listed in the National Key Protected Wild Plants List (1999), of which the Chinese otter is a Grade I key protection.
In animal resources, the good ecological environment of wild animals is preserved. Danxia Mountain has 88 species of mammals, 288 species of birds, 86 species of reptiles, 37 species (or subspecies) of amphibians, 100 species or subspecies of fish, and 1023 species of insects. There are 59 species of animals listed in the Red List of China Species, 73 species of animals listed in the IUCN Red List, and 66 species of CITES. 54 species of national key protected animals in China, including 7 species of Grade I protected animals and 47 species of Grade II protection. . There are 75 national key protected wild animals, including 9 first-class protected animals and 66 second-class protected animals.
Main scenic spot
Jinjiang Scenic Area
The tourist area is dominated by Jinjiang Cruises, from the Ph.D. Ecological Park Terminal in the north to the Danxia Power Station in the south. There are dozens of scenic spots along the way, forming an 8km waterway scenic corridor. The main attractions are the Golden Turtle Pilgrimage, the Squid Jumping Dragon Gate, the Ancient Quarry, the Captain Peak, the Six Fingers Devil, the Guanyin Sending Son, the Smiley Buddha, and the Teapot Peak. , Thumb Peak, Sister Peak, Xianshan Qiongge, Yang Yuanshi, Qunxiang River, Muxiang Tong, Chibi Danya and so on.
On the left peak of Jinjiang, there is a pavilion named Guanjing Pavilion. Shun Shijie Denglou Pavilion, surrounded by panoramic views, looking forward, there are sister peaks, thumb peaks, teapot peaks, teapot peaks like a teapot, pot lids, spouts are all available, but there is no teapot handle. Yanyan and Pingding at the front and back of the teapot peak are like a tea table and a teacup. Looking to the left, it is “Chaotianlong”. At the farthest point, there is a peak standing upright. It is shaped like a Guanyin Bodhisattva. There are two small pinnacles in front of Guanyinyan. It is like a golden boy and a girl, forming a landscape of “children worshipping Guanyin”.
Xianju Rock Road View
According to the legend of Xianjuyan Taoist Temple, where Zhang Tianshi lived in the south. Later generations built a temple to commemorate Zhang Tianshi. There were three original Taoist temples, five Taoist houses and one pool. Xianjuyan faces the northwest, the front of the left is the Jiulong Peak, and the former is the banana rushing valley. The banana rushing is also called the Zhenxian Valley. All the way to the strange stone, especially in front of a piece of banana forest, the banana forest is under the cliff, the cliff tops are raining in the four seasons, and it is a natural wonder.
Elder Peak Scenic Area
The Elder Peak Tourist Area is the oldest tourist area. It is the three most typical Chibi Danxia landscape level composed of the Elder Peak, Hailuo Peak and Baozhufeng Three Peaks, and the three-level cliff and the third-level cliff. . The lower level of the landscape is centered on Jinshiyan. There are Jinshiyan Temple, Qianshengyan, Zushiyan, Fuhuyan, Longwangyan, Mengjueguan, Youdongtongtian, Longscale Stone, Mawei Feiquan Waterfall and Chameleon. Baizhang Cliff and the most typical Chibi Danya and other landscapes.
Take the steps along the mountaineering boulevard and turn left. You will see a natural weathered and eroded cave with the word “secret hole through the sky”. This is a cylindrical horizontal channel with a height of only 0.9 meters. It is composed of flowing water and rock and collapsed stones. The hole is less than 10 meters, which is warm in winter and cool in summer. At the other end of the passage, there is a vertical through-hole cave, which is more than 40 meters high. It passes through the middle-level scenic area, and the surrounding wall is criss-crossed. The ancient vines are hanging. Due to the convection of the air, there is often a wind in the cave.
Long day line
The Changtian line is also known as Baizhangxia. From the “secret hole through the sky” to the right 100 meters, facing a cliff overlooking the sky, nature will open the cliff from top to bottom, more than 70 meters long, more than 40 meters high, only about one meter wide, the narrowest point is only 0.7 M, became a secluded path from “Gongdong Tongtian” to “Jinshiyan”.
Shuanglu Bihe is located on the right side of the middle-level scenic spot, under the original Zhengqi Pavilion. There are three meters high boulder rises like a platform. There are two stone pools on the platform, one big and one small, shaped like two mirrors, so it was also called “double mirror pool” here.
During the Sui and Tang Dynasties, Danxia Mountain was already a scenic spot in Lingnan, and there were monks and nuns entering the mountain to operate and build Buddhist temples.
During the reign of Emperor Chongning of the Northern Song Dynasty (1102 to 1106), Fa Yunju traveled to Danxia Mengjue, and built 18 Yuyu here to worship Guanyin Bodhisattva;
In the end of the Chongzhen period in the Ming Dynasty (1644), Li Yongmao, the governor of Jiangxi Cangzhou, resisted the Qing Dynasty, and he lived in the “Elders Village” of Danxia Mountain with his family.
In the first year of Emperor Kangxi of Qing Dynasty (1662), the Buddhist monk of Haizhu Temple in Guangzhou, came to Danxia Mountain to open up the dojo, built the Bichuan Temple, built the Daxiong Hall, Maitreya Temple, Guanyin Pavilion, Zangjing Pavilion, Fangzhanglou, Chanfang, Guest Hall, etc.
In the 21st year of Emperor Kangxi (1683), Gu Jian, another monk from Guangzhou Haizhu Temple, built a temple in Banxia and Hongyan, Danxia Mountain;
In the forty-first year of Emperor Qianlong of the Qing Dynasty (1776), the culprits were killed by the shackles, and the first robbing of the temple was robbed;
In the 14th year of the Republic of China (1925), the Kuomintang army shelled Huang Yaoxiang and other bandits across the Jinjiang River. All the precious instruments of the Bizhu Temple were swept away and made the second catastrophe;
In the fifteenth year of the Republic of China (1926), Renhua County Middle School moved to the Bi Chuan Temple to avoid catastrophes, and inadvertently lost fire, burning mountains, Daxiong Hall, Wei Yu Temple and other large buildings were turned into ashes;
In the 23rd year of the Republic of China (1934), Li Hanshen, a member of the Jingjing Committee of the Northwestern Region of Guangdong Province, was stationed in Shaoguan, rehabilitating Danxia Jingshe and Danxia Lower House;
In 1963, Renhua County established Danxia Mountain Forest Farm;
In 1980, Master Ben Huan raised a donation of 10 million yuan to rebuild the temple and re-established attractions such as Jinshiyan.
In 1988, it was rated as a national scenic spot;
In 2000, it was rated as a national geological and geomorphological nature reserve;
In 2001, it was awarded the first batch of national AAAA-level tourist areas;
In 2003, he was awarded the title of “Youth Civilization” by the Guangdong Provincial Youth League Committee;
In 2004, it was awarded the first batch of World Geoparks;
In 2004-2005, it was awarded the honorary title of “City Government Civilization Demonstration Window” by Shaoguan Municipal Committee;
In 2007, Danxia Mountain Scenic Spot was rated as a provincial civilized unit in Guangdong;
In June 2008, it was awarded the “National Youth Civilization Demonstration Window” by the National Tourism Administration and the Central Committee of the Communist Youth League;
In July 2008, it was awarded the “National Women’s Civilization Post” by the National Tourism Administration and the National Women’s Federation;
In 2009, it became the nominated place for the World Natural Heritage;
In February 2009, Danxia Mountain Scenic Spot was rated as an advanced unit in the creation of a civilized scenic tourist area nationwide;
In August 2010, it was listed as a World Natural Heritage and became China’s 8th World Natural Heritage;
On January 9, 2012, the company won the award of the national 5A tourist attraction;
In 2013, it became one of the first 39 “National Ecotourism Demonstration Zones” in China.
There are trains to the East, North and Southwest railway lines in Shaoguan. The Danxia Mountain tour can get off at Shaoguan Station, then transfer to the railway station square to take the coach to Danxia Mountain. From Shaoguan to Danxia Mountain, only 50 kilometers, the driving time is four. ten minutes. In addition, every 15 minutes, there is a luxury CMB from Shaoguan Railway Station, running from 6 am to 7 pm.
Railway: The Beijing-Guangzhou Railway has a large artery running through the city. Through Shaoguan City and Lechang, Ruyuan and Qujiang, there are 65 trains passing every day. Every day, there are express trains to and from Shaoguan-Shenzhen and Shaoguan-Guangzhou. Guests from the north can choose to get off at this station and then travel to other cities in Guangdong Province, Guangzhou, Shenzhen, Zhaoqing and other places. Shaoguan Railway Station is located on the east bank of the Minjiang River and can be reached by bus 1, 2, 3, 4, 9, and 10.
Highway: Shaoguan Highway extends in all directions. The 105, 106, 107, and 323 national highways run through Shaoguan territory. The highway from Shaoguan to Guangzhou is 290 kilometers long. The Gantang to Wengcheng section of the Shaoguan section of the Beijing-Zhuhai Expressway is open to traffic. There are coaches from Shaoguan City to nearby attractions, generally with CMB. You can also transfer to the city and county in the station first, usually about two or three hours.