Geographic location:Qinhuai District, Nanjing
Famous scenery:Nanjing Confucius Temple, Zhonghua Gate, Jiangnan Gongyuan, Zhanyuan, Mingcheng Wall
Suitable for the play season:Suitable for all seasons
Confucius Temple Qinhuai Scenery Belt is located in Qinhuai District of Nanjing City. It is centered on the ancient architectural complex of Confucius Temple, with Shili Qinhuai as the axis and Mingcheng Wall as the link. Many national key cultural relics protection units, provincial and municipal cultural relics protection units are connected in series, with Confucianism. Thought, imperial culture, folk culture and so on, connotation, natural scenery, landscape garden, temple school, street citizen residence, local customs, food shopping, popular science education, festival culture, is a place of Nanjing history and culture, but also famous in China The open country 5A level tourist attraction and the Chinese tourist attraction are forty.
The Qinhuai River is the cradle of ancient civilization in Nanjing. The mother river of Nanjing is very famous in history. It is known as the “Six-Year Smokey Moon Zone, the Golden Powder Gathering Place”, and the tenth generation of prosperous land. “The clothing and cultural relics are in the south of the Yangtze River; the literary talents are flowing in the sea”, which is called “the first historical and cultural name of China”. River”.
Confucius Temple is the four major Confucian temples in China. It is the land of ancient Jiangnan cultural hubs in China and the land of Jinling history. It is not only the cultural and educational center of Nanjing in the Ming and Qing Dynasties, but also the cultural and educational complex in the southeastern provinces. It is the largest in China. Traditional ancient market.
The history of the Qinhuai scenery in the Confucius Temple is rich and rich. The Confucius Temple snacks ranks first in China. The Confucius Temple Lantern Festival held every Spring Festival to Lantern Festival is the first batch of national intangible cultural heritage and the most famous in China. The Lantern Festival event attracts countless friends to enjoy the lanterns and enjoy the festive season with rich local characteristics and cultural atmosphere.
The 50th anniversary of the establishment of diplomatic relations between China and France in 2014, the Sino-French joint issue, the Nanjing Qinhuai River and the Paris Seine River commemorative stamps show the long history and splendid culture of the two countries, as well as the cultural origin and cultural characteristics of the two cities, and witness the Sino-French friendship.
The Qinhuai River is a tributary of the Yangtze River. For thousands of years, the Qinhuai River has nurtured the ancient city of Nanjing. “The rust of the rust is coming from the spring, and thousands of households are coming to the river.” It has gradually become the bustling area of Jinling City, while the Inner Qinhuai River is from the east. From Shuitou to Xishuiguan, the length of the river is 4.2 kilometers along the banks of the river. Many wealthy families and powerful people are living in the Huai River, and they are prosperous and prosperous. The river house near the Confucius Temple is a silk window, ten curtains, the light of the ship, and the world is in the world. Many places of historical interest, historical anecdotes, and romantic affairs happened to beside them, and were sung by historical literati.
History and culture
During the Six Dynasties era, the Confucius Temple area in Nanjing was quite prosperous. Wuyi Alley, Zhuque Street, Taoyedu, etc. were all occupied by the high gates at that time. In the Ming Dynasty, the Confucius Temple was the examination room for the Guozijian, and the candidates gathered. Therefore, there are many service industries concentrated here. There are restaurants, teahouses, snacks, and brothels in the Qing Dynasty. On the inner Qinhuai River, “the sound of the pulp sounds for ten miles, the songs of the female flower ship, the turbid waves”, “drawing the ship Xiaogu, staying up all night”, describes the prosperous scene on the Qinhuai River.
Due to the changes in history, the past prosperity of the Shili Qinhuai has long ceased to exist. Since 1984, the National Tourism Administration and the Nanjing Municipal People’s Government have repaired, renovated and rebuilt the key development of the Qinhuai scenery belt, and restored the Shangnan style in the late Ming and early Qing dynasties. The Qinhuai River has once again become a famous tourist attraction in China.
The restored Qinhuai River scenery belt is centered on the Confucius Temple, including the Zhanyuan, Confucius Temple, Bailuzhou, Zhonghuamen, and the Qinhuai water upstream boat and the riverside pavilion from Taoyedu to Zhenhuai Bridge. Gardenes, paintings, city streets, pavilions and folk customs are all in one, as well as the enticing Qinhuai Night Market and Jinling Lantern Festival, folk attractions, local snacks, etc., so that Chinese and foreign tourists are intoxicated.
In 1990, the Qinhuai scenery belt was selected as one of the top 40 tourist destinations in China. In 2000, it was awarded the first batch of 4A level scenic spots in the country. In 2010, the Nanjing Confucius Temple-Qinhuai River scenery scenic spot was promoted to the national 5A level scenic spot.
In 2014, in commemoration of the 50th anniversary of the establishment of diplomatic relations between China and France, the commemorative stamp of the “50th Anniversary of the Establishment of Diplomatic Relations between China and France” jointly issued by China Post and France Post was launched in France. Two months ago, this commemorative stamp was issued in China. One set of two stamps, with the theme of city and river, the two stamps select the iconic landscape of Nanjing Qinhuai River and the Seine River in Paris, showing the long history and splendid culture of the two countries, as well as the civilization origin and cultural characteristics of the two cities. .
The commemorative stamp of the “50th Anniversary of the Establishment of Diplomatic Relations between China and France” is a joint stamp issued after the joint issue of the “Forbidden City and the Louvre” stamps by China and France in 1998. This set of stamps was created by the French stamp designer Yves Boyar. It uses a concise and clear brush to express the two scenes in one, one and one. Together with the rubber carving process, people are full of expectations for this set of stamps. The specifications of 52*31 have disappeared since 1995.
The Qinhuai River, the main river in Nanjing, China, which flows through the inner city of Nanjing, is known as the “Shili Qinhuai”. It is the most prosperous place in the ancient capital of Nanjing. It has a long history, a flourishing business and a cultural gathering. Not fading. The river Seine flows through the French capital city of Paris. The establishment and development of the city of Paris is interdependent and inseparable from the Seine. There are many places of interest along the Seine River, which is a testimony to the origin, development and glory of Paris.
On July 25, 2017, at the 2017 Hong Kong and Macao Youth Study Tour Promotion Conference and the Mainland Study Tour Alliance Conference, the Confucius Temple Qinhuai Scenery Belt won the title of the first batch of 24 Hong Kong and Macao Youth Study Bases.
Confucius Temple – Bailuzhou Scenic Area: The theme of imperial examination culture, folk culture, and night tour Qinhuai has the functions of tour, science, homestay, experience, etc., including Confucius Temple, Zhanyuan, Bailuzhou, Qinhuai River, Ming City Wall, etc. 5 tourist areas, a total of 33 major attractions.
Mendong-Men Xijing Scenic Area: featuring “three roads, city and river, and celebrities’ former residence”, with “China’s Yucheng, Ming and Qing architecture, Changyou ancient and modern” as the theme of appreciation, with scenic tour, folk experience, popular science education And other functions. It includes 5 scenic spots including Zhonghuamen, Laomendong, Laomenxi, Mingcheng Wall and Qinhuai River, with a total of 19 attractions.
Dabaoen Temple-Jinling Arsenal Scenic Spot: featuring “Buddhist culture and industrial heritage”, with the theme of “the wonders of the site, the big newspaper, the military industry”, etc., with cultural experience, popular science education, scenic tour and other functions, It includes 2 major scenic spots including Dabaoen Temple Ruins Park and Jinling Arsenal’s former site.
Chaotian Palace – Pingshi Street Scenic Spot: featuring “Museum Exhibition, Cultural Experience”, with “Official Architecture, Residential Culture, and Non-legacy Culture” as the theme of appreciation, with functions such as exhibition, mission, tour, and folk experience. It includes 4 tourist attractions including Chaotian Palace, Ganxi Former Residence, Qinhuai River and Ming City Wall, with a total of 15 attractions.
Confucius Temple is a group of large-scale ancient buildings. After many vicissitudes of life, it has been revived and worshipped. It is one of the four major confucius temples in China. It is known as the Qinhuai scenic spot and has become the characteristic landscape area of the ancient capital of Nanjing. The popular tourist destinations in China and abroad are China’s largest traditional ancient market. Confucius Temple is not only the cultural and educational center of Nanjing during the Ming and Qing Dynasties, but also the cultural and educational complex of the southeastern provinces. The Qinhuai River in front of the Confucius Temple is Dianchi Lake. The stone wall on the south bank is the wall. It is 110 meters long and 10 meters high. It is the best in the country. In front of the North Shore Temple, there are Juxing Pavilion and Sile Pavilion; on the central axis, there are buildings such as Qixingmen, Dachengmen, Dacheng Hall, Mingde Hall and Zunjing Pavilion; in addition, there is Kuixing Pavilion in the east of the temple.
Jiangnan Gongyuan, also known as Nanjing Gongyuan, is located in the southeast of Nanjing City, on the east side of Nanjing Confucius Temple. It is part of the Qinhuai scenery belt of Confucius Temple and one of the three ancient buildings in Confucius Temple area.
The Jiangnan Gongyuan was built in 1168 (four years of the Song Dynasty). During the Qing Dynasty, the Jiangnan Gongyuan reached its peak. There are only 20,644 exams, plus hundreds of affiliated buildings, covering more than 300,000 square meters. Its large scale and land occupation ranks among the top of the province’s provincial academies, creating the most ancient Chinese examinations.
In 1905 (the 31st year of the Guangxu reign of Qing Dynasty), Yuan Shikai and Zhang Zhidong asked for the suspension of the imperial examinations in order to promote the school. Since then, Jiangnan Gongyuan has ended its mission. From the completion of the Gongyuan to the abolition of the Imperial Examination in the late Qing Dynasty, the Jiangnan Gongyuan transported more than 800 champions, 100,000 scholars and millions of people. During the Ming and Qing Dynasties, more than half of the officials from the country came from the Jiangnan Gongyuan.
Jiangnan Gongyuan China Imperial Examination Museum is the only professional museum in China that reflects the Chinese Imperial Examination System. It is the China Imperial Examination System Center, the China Imperial Examination Cultural Center and the China Imperial Examinations Collection Center.
Wuyi Lane is the oldest and most famous lane name in China on the Qinhuai River in Nanjing. It is the location of the most famous and famous lane in China.
Wuyi Alley is a residential area of the two great families of Wang Xie in the Jin Dynasty. Both of the two families like to wear the black clothes to show their honor and honor, hence the name. Wuyi Lane is the city’s gate, and the crown is gathered, leaving Wang Yuzhi, Wang Xianzhi, and the cultural masters such as Xie Lingyun, the originator of the landscape poetry school. Wuyi Lane witnessed Wang Xie’s artistic achievements and was closely linked to the history of the two families and the history of the entire Chinese culture.
In 1997, the Qinhuai District People’s Government resumed Wuyi Lane, excavated and displayed the long history of Wuyi Lane, and rebuilt the Wang Xie Guju Memorial Hall with ethnic style. After thousands of years of vicissitudes, today’s Wuyi Lane has no longer flourished in the past. There is no such thing as a grandiose family. Instead, tourists visit Wang Xiehua Hall.
Mei Xiang Lou
Mei Xiang Lou is also called Li Xiangjun’s former residence or Li Xiangjun Building, built to commemorate Li Xiangjun. Meixiang Building is located at No. 38, Bank Street, Confucius Temple, Nanjing. It is located at the southern end of Yanqiao Bridge on the Qinhuai River. It is a three-in and two-yard house. Meixianglou left to Wende Bridge, right to Yanqiao, Nanwu Wuyi Lane, North Yifuzi Temple. The whole hall is full of art works such as calligraphy, painting, couplet, engraving, rockery, statues and small gardens, stone carving bricks, mural hanging lamps, etc., for visitors to watch.
Zhanyuan is the oldest garden in Nanjing. It is the four famous gardens in Jiangnan and the Qinhuai scenery belt of Confucius Temple. Its history can be traced back to the Ming Dynasty Garden of Wang Xuda of Mingzhong Mountain. It is known as a rockery. It is named after Ouyang Xiu’s poem “Looking at Yutang, as in the sky”. It is now a national key cultural relics protection unit and a national AAAAA tourist attraction.
Zhanyuan is the best-preserved group of Ming Dynasty classical garden buildings in Nanjing. It is also the only open palace of the Ming Dynasty. It was once part of the Xu Dafu of the founding fathers of the Ming Dynasty. It is also the location of the Qing dynasty’s various political ambassadors. Looking forward to the Ming Dynasty, the Qing Dynasty, the Taiping Heavenly Kingdom, the Republic of China and the contemporary, like most gardens in the south of the Yangtze River, the evolution is complex and the landscape has undergone changes.
The exhibition area is about 20,000 square meters. There are more than 20 large and small scenic spots. The layout is elegant and exquisite. There are magnificent Ming and Qing ancient buildings, steep and steep rockeries, the famous Northern Song Dynasty Taihu Stone, and the elegant and elegant floor pavilion. , Qifeng stacked. Zhao Yazhi’s version of “The Legend of the New White Lady” in Baifu’s location is the garden.
Zhanyuan is now the Taiping Heavenly Kingdom History Museum and the only museum of the Taiping Heavenly Kingdom.
Zhonghuamen, known as Jubaomen in the Ming Dynasty, is the south gate of Nanjing City. It is the castle-style gate of the thirteen city gates of Nanjing City Wall, which is the largest in China. The Zhonghuamen Castle is the largest existing castle in China. It is also the oldest preserved and most complicated ancient castle in the world.
Zhonghuamen is located in the south of the city wall of the Nanjing City Wall. Its history can be traced back to the former site of the South Gate of the Southern Tang Dynasty, Jiangning House and the South Song Dynasty, and the expansion of the South Gate of the Kangfu City in the Ming Dynasty. It was expanded in the 2nd to 8th year of Ming Hongwu (AD 1369-1375). Before and after the Zhonghuamen, there are internal and external Qinhuai River runoffs across the east and west.
In 1931 (the 20th year of the Republic of China), the National Government changed its name to Zhonghuamen. It was written by Jiang Zhongzheng on the eve of the Double Tenth. And on the east and west sides of the original Jubao door, the East Gate of the Chinese Gate and the West Gate of the Zhonghua Gate were opened, and the two-way passage between the north and the south was satisfied.
In 1957, the People’s Committee of Jiangsu Province was listed as a cultural relics protection unit in Jiangsu Province. In 1988, Zhonghuamen was listed as a national key cultural relics protection unit.
Bailuzhou Park, located in the southeast corner of Nanjing City, is the largest park in the south of Nanjing. It was the villa of the founding father of the Zhongshan Wang Xuda family during the Yongle period of the Ming Dynasty. It is called Xu Taifu Garden or Xuzhong Mountain Park. During the Tianshun years, the Jiufeng Temple was built in the park, and the fireworks flourished. During the Zhengde years, Xu Tianci, a descendant of Xu Da, expanded the garden into the “largest and most magnificent” garden in Nanjing at that time and named it Dongyuan. The park has become an elegant collection of many famous literati poetry and wine parties, such as Wang Shizhen and Wu Chengen. When Ming Wuzong was on a southern tour, he once visited the park to enjoy fishing.
In 1951, combined with the rectification of the Qinhuai River, Wuhu Mountain, planted flowers and trees, renovated and built new garden buildings such as Yanyuxuan and Yuyu Pavilion. The garden began to take shape and was opened in 1976. Bailuzhou Park is close to the downtown area of Confucius Temple. It is a good place to take a quiet place, like a bright pearl embedded in the Qinhuai scenery of Confucius Temple.
In 1990, he was selected as one of the top 40 tourist destinations in China;
In 2000, it was rated as the first batch of 4A scenic spots in the country;
In April 2010, he was promoted to the national 5A level tourist attraction;
In January 2011, it was awarded the title of “National Low Carbon Tourism Experimental Zone”;
In September 2019, it was selected as one of the “Top Ten Scenic Spots in China”, “Top Ten Scenic Spots in China” and “Top Ten Scenic Spots in Great Powers”.
Time: all day
Address: Qinhuai District, Nanjing
Bus: 4, 7, 40, 44, 49, 62, 304
Subway: Nanjing Metro Line 1 to Sanshan Street Station, Nanjing Metro Line 3 to Confucius Temple Station