Geographic location:Within the territory of Yunyang County, Chongqing
Famous scenery:Tiankeng, South Three Gorges, Stalagmite River, Longdong
Suitable for the play season:Suitable for all seasons
Yunyang Longchong Scenic Area: National AAAAA-level tourist scenic spot, National Geological Park, 2016 National Day “Best Scenic Spot for Tourist Service”, known as the “Shangri-La” of the Three Gorges of the Yangtze River, and was praised by the outdoor fans as the Chongqing version. Xiaohuashan.”
Yunyang Longchong Scenic Area is located in the southeast corner of Yunyang County, Chongqing, close to Lichuan City, Hubei Province. It integrates Tiankeng, canyon, cave, mountain pasture, forest and Tujia style. The main attractions are Longjing Tiankeng and Yunuan Covered Bridge. Longdong scenery, Longjiao Gorge, Lushan Grassland, Lishi Ancient Great Wall, Yuyangguan Ancient Road Site, Gaixia Dam Lake, etc. Among them, the Longkeng Tiankeng is 335 meters deep, ranking third in the country and fifth in the world. The pit wall of the Dragon Cylinder Tiankeng is arched by cliffs with a slope of nearly 90 degrees. This straight-up form is extremely rare in the world and enjoys The reputation of the first cylinder in the world.
Yunyang Longchong Scenic Area is built on the “Cloud Covered Bridge” on the cliff with an altitude of 1010 meters. It is shaped like the flower of “Flower of the Sky”. The bridge can enjoy the beautiful scenery at 720°. Its cantilever length is 26.68 meters, and the bridge is 718 meters above the ground. It is 5.34 meters longer than the overhanging length of the Colorado Grand Canyon glass covered bridge. It is the world’s longest cantilevered glass covered bridge.
The landscape of Yunyang Longchong Scenic Area is peculiar, with dense caves, strange peaks and strange stones, stalagmites, skyscrapers, handsome and colorful, colorful and colorful. It is a museum of natural sciences and a grand view garden of geological landscape. The dragon cylinders are all seasons, the scenery is different, the spring flowers and grass, the summer waterfall, the autumn red leaves, the winter white snow, all are amazing. On February 25, 2017, it was newly promoted as a national 5A tourist attraction.
Chongqing Yunyang Longchong National Geological Park is located in the Tujia Township of Qingshui County, Yunyang County. It is located on the banks of the Yangtze River in the northeast of Chongqing City. It is the heart of the Three Gorges Reservoir Area. It welcomes Fengjie County in the east, Wanzhou District in the west, and Wuxi County and Kai County in the north. It is connected to the south and is adjacent to Lichuan City, Hubei Province. The geography is between 108°35′32′′-109°14′51′′ east longitude and 30°35′6′′-31°26′30′′ north latitude.
The park is located on the south bank of the Yangtze River and is affected by the monsoon cold current. The climate is mild, rainfall is abundant, spring drought, summer heat, autumn and winter rain, less sunshine, high humidity, cloudy fog, but no frost period. The average annual temperature is the coldest in January, generally 4oC-7oC, the hottest in July and August, generally 30oC-32oC, and the continuous rainy season in April-May and September-October. The distribution of rainfall during the year is bimodal. In the winter, the Qilu Mountain in the southeast has become the windward surface of the inland dry air-cooled mass. Under the control of it, the precipitation is scarce. In the summer, it is affected by the warm air mass of the southwest monsoon and the precipitation is more.
The park is located in the fold belt between the Huayingshan fault and the Qiqishan fault, which is the southeastern ridge of the parallel ridge valley area in eastern Sichuan. The Yanshan pre-structural layers are integrated and pseudo-integrated, and the tectonic movement is mainly characterized by obvious lifting. Movement; the late Yanshanian fold structure is significant, the Upper Cretaceous and the underlying strata are unconformity contact, and the tectonic form is dominated by fold deformation. It is located in the transition zone between the fold belt of the easteast and the fold belt of the Xiangjiangchuan uplift. The study area is located in the NE-SW to the tectonic belt, and the north edge and the NW direction of the Dabashan arc structure are slanted and recombined. Part of the thin-skin structure formed for the Indo-Himalayan movement. It is mainly characterized by a wide-flat box-shaped diagonal and a narrow and narrow anticline forming a barrier structure. In the anticline part, due to stress concentration, it is easy to form some joint cracks or pressures of different sizes. Torsional fracture.
Stratum and lithology
The exposed strata in the park are the Mesozoic Triassic, Jurassic and Cenozoic Quaternary. The Triassic is the main stratum exposed in the park, and its lithology and thickness vary greatly. Its subordinate Jialingjiang Formation limestone is widely distributed in the park. The Zhongtong Badong Formation is a shallow marine clastic rock and argillaceous limestone, with local gypsum and copper-bearing sandstone. The Upper Xujiahe Formation is an inland lacustrine clastic rock and produces coal.
The Longchong scenic area is dominated by typical karst landforms. Under the action of karst, gravity collapse and water erosion, a variety of landscapes and strange peaks are formed. The dragon cylinder is a fracture zone produced at the junction of the three sets of joints and the transition point of the northeast turn, and is formed by repeated dissolution-collapse-dissolution-collapse of the groundwater in the cave.
The Longcang karst tiankeng is a typical representative of karst landforms. Its main cause is karst collapse and dissolution. The tiankeng is located at the intersection of multiple sets of joints and cleavage. The rocks are easily broken. Among these rocks, water-flow erosion forms. The multi-layered caves are staggered vertically and horizontally. Under the action of natural gravity, the rocks on the fracture zone collapse, and the collapsed objects are then taken away by the dark river. The dragon cylinder tiankeng is repeatedly dissolved in this way – gradually formed during the collapse. In the Longchong National Geopark, the number of karst caves developed is quite different, and the location and height are different. Through the study of the stratification of multiple caves in the study area, the evolution history of the erosion datum can be analyzed and the rivers are estimated. Stabilization period and undercut period.
Geological heritage features
The Da’an Cave, which belongs to the landscape of the geomorphic landscape, has a lithology of limestone in the Jialingjiang Formation of the Lower Triassic. The top of the cave is braided, and the cave is located in the dissolution valley. It is a layer of caves and the valley is NE-SW. cloth.
The Huangling Gorge, which belongs to the water landscape of the water landscape, is developed in the anticline core of the Huanglingxia. The peaks and forests on both sides of the canyon are beautiful, the folds and the faults are clear, and the signs of geological movement are very obvious. The 10,000-volume poem in the canyon is a geological wonder created by two strike-slip faults in the limestone that push the relatively flat formation to near-upright.
Located on the bank of the stalagmite river, the material is composed of the Triassic Jialingjiang Formation limestone. The dissolution causes the vertical fissure to widen and collapse, resulting in the geological wonder of today’s cornice.
A fossilized fossil of fossils belonging to the paleontological landscape. It is a sediment of marine carbonate rock in the Triassic Jialingjiang limestone. The color is gray, and there are visible fossils exposed and preserved. complete.
Rarely protected animals in the scenic area are widely distributed and are habitats for a variety of birds and terrestrial animals. Among them, there are 50 species of terrestrial wild vertebrates, including 1 national level I protected animal forest, 24 national level II protected animals, and 25 municipal protected animals in Chongqing. There are scorpions, monkeys, wild boars, cliff swallows, flying foxes, cuckoos, lynx, lynx, clouded leopards, pangolins, and golden pheasants.
There are a large number of rare species in the scenic area. According to statistics, there are 31 species of plants protected by the state. The ancient trees in the scenic area include ginkgo, metasequoia, camphor, yew, golden laurel, silver laurel, bluegrass, ancient tea tree, red bean tree, Rock cypress, 桢楠, etc.
The landscape is peculiar, with dense caves, strange peaks, stalagmites, stouts, handsome, colorful and colorful. It is a museum of natural sciences and a grand view garden of geological landscape. The main attractions are Longjing, Longdong, Laozhaizi, Yingyuedong, Shizhu River, Laoya Gorge, Huangling Gorge, Longtuo Gorge, Volcanic Gorge, Zanglong Gorge, Lushan Grassland (Forest), Valerian Ancient Great Wall, and Xiangyangguan Ancient road ruins, covered dam lakes, etc. It combines the charms of the heroes, the odd, the dangerous, the stern, the secluded, the quiet and the beautiful.
The dragon cylinder is an elliptical karst tiankeng formed mainly by karst collapse and dissolution. At the lowest point of the dragon cylinder, the Eagle’s mouth peak measures an altitude of 1113m, the long axis extends about 304-325m in the direction of 70°, the short axis is 178-183m, and the depth is more than 335m. Its depth is second only to Xiaozhai Tiankeng and Dashiwei Tiankeng in China, ranking third in the country and fifth in the world.
The inner wall of the dragon cylinder is cut, and the cylinder wall is arched by a cliff. The widest part is more than 2m, and the narrowest part is less than 40cm. People stand on the edge of the cylinder, one side is the wall of the Millennium, and the other side is the abyss. The wall is covered with pine branches, the ancient vines are upside down, the bottom of the tank is green, and the four seasons are green. The birds in the forest contend, circling low, the clouds rise, and the scenery is beautiful, known as the “first cylinder in the world.” In terms of depth and diameter, the dragon tank can be described as a super tiankeng with high tourism, adventure tourism and scientific research value.
Yingyue Cave is located in the cliffs 100m northeast of the Dragon Tank and is the first cave. The length of the hole is 43m, the strike is 25°, the height of the south hole is 3.9m, the diameter is 3.4m, the height of the north hole is 2.2m, and the north end is the exit of the dark river. The trough formed by the flowing water can be seen. There is a little stalactite and calcium on the top of the hole. At the southern end of the central part of China, water droplets were dripped along the stalactites, forming a sinkhole of about 50 cm deep in the ground. Every year on the Mid-Autumn Festival night, the moon rises from the east, and the moonlight fills the whole hole. The silver light of the cluster is like a flashlight. It is shot from the north to the south. People call this strange landscape month”.
Lushan Grassland is a mountain-type natural scenic spot. It is a municipal-level forest park in Chongqing. The altitude of the sea is between 1000m and 1650m. It is a karst Zhongshan with an area of 12.5 square kilometers. The scenic spot has virgin forest and alpine grassland. The virgin forests are mostly pine, cedar, and cypress forests. There are precious tree species such as metasequoia, ginkgo, iron blue bar, red beans and some unknown bushes in the forest.
The dragon cave consists of two front and back halls. The front hall is round, wide 40 meters wide, nearly 50 meters high, 120 meters long and 4,800 square meters. It is full of thousands of stalactites, magical and magnificent. There are natural landscapes such as “White Jade Dragon Bed”, “Dragon Umbrella”, “Dragon Pot”, “Dragon Chair”, “Dragon Stool”, “Liantai” and “Tianji Baoxiao”. The back hall is pentagon, 30 meters high, more than 300 meters long, and an area of 6,000 square meters. The situation of the stone stalactites inside is like a lion, like a elephant, like a dragon, like a phoenix, some have claws and claws, and some have wings to fly.
The stalagmite river is the most beautiful section of the Longtan River. It covers the lower dam in the north and Shuanghekou in the south, with a total length of 12.5 kilometers. A gorge landscape for karst landforms. The two sides of the strait are cut, the caves are densely covered, the stalagmites are rustling, and the characters such as flying, village, and arhats are transformed into the sky; the river is pure and bright, rich in turtles, group fish, or waterfalls or springs, in the middle of it, Qisong, cypress, and bamboo Plants such as firs and other plants cover the sky, and the precious herbs such as Huangjing, Tianma, Fritillaria, and Coptis are all over the mountains. Yellow sheep, citron, sassafras, golden monkeys, wild boars, etc. walk through the forest, golden pheasant, yellow pheasant, rhododendron, kingfisher, The parrot screamed in the wild. The area around the stalagmite river is in the transition zone between the eastern fold belt and the fold belt of the Xiangjiang-Egchuan uplift. In the Cenozoic period dating back to 67 million years, due to the crustal uplift, the river is cut down, and it is externally powered by physics, chemistry and biology. Under the combined action, the multi-layered caves formed by flowing water and dissolution are staggered vertically and horizontally. In the repeated erosion-disintegration-collapse-scouring-disintegration-collapse, the stone buds, peak clusters, funnels on the surface and the underground three-layer caves are self-forming systems. With a relative height difference of more than 1,400 meters, it forms a spectacular karst landscape and mysterious canyon landscape.
Cloud covered bridge
Chongqing Yunyang Longchong Scenic Area has a canopy bridge-cloud bridge with a canopy of 26.68m (outward extension from the rock wall 21.68m) on a cliff with an altitude of 1010.5 m. The vertical height of the cliff is 700m. Taking the petals of “Flower of the Sky” as the concept of the shape, the bottom of the bridge is made of three layers of high-strength glass. Visitors can stand on the covered bridge and enjoy the beautiful scenery at 720°. The cantilever length of the cloud bridge will surpass the Colorado Grand Canyon glass bridge (outward from the rock wall 21m) to become the world’s first cantilevered glass bridge. It is the future logo and business card of the scenic spot, and the cultural framework of the 5A tourist attraction is important. element.
Located on the southwest side of Qingshui Township, Laozhaizi is a cultural relic site located on a bladed ridge. The rock type is the Triassic Jialingjiang Formation limestone. The rock is thick and the occurrence is gentle. The stockade is at the highest point on the top of the ridge. There are existing ancient buildings, Shimen, female shame pools, collapsed ritual dragon pillars, and ruins of the Tiger House. The old stockade is 5-10m wide and 50m long. It stands on the foothills. You can see the full view of the stalagmite river and the stalagmites of hundreds of meters in the west. The dragon cylinder mouth is visible to the north and the two river mouths are visible to the south. To the east is the farm scenery and stone buds. Here you will have the opportunity to enjoy the beauty of the Dragon Cave Buddha Golden Body and the Falling Wave Gold.
Da’an Cave is a large limestone cave, also known as Yuquan Cave. It is located in the cliffs on the west bank of the stalagmite river. The cave is about 200m away from the stalagmite river and about 100m above the cliff top. There is a seasonal waterfall on the south side of the cave. During the rainy season, a waterfall falls and then gathers into the stalagmite river. The main body of the main hole is 160° south, and the hole collapses to form a hall. The hall is about 50m high and has a dome shape. The total length is more than 3,000 meters. The hole is set in a hole and the nine holes are connected. Each cave has an inverted gold monkey and a welcome column. Dinghai Shenzhen, Jinyin Waterfall, Shazhou Beach, Stalagmites Exhibition, Racecourse, Art Gallery, Sea Lions, etc. It is formed by natural limestone and is known as the “first hole in the world”.
Development and construction
In 2004, relevant departments of Yunyang began to organize experts to develop geological resources such as Tiankeng Dragon Cylinder, and for the first time carried out a comprehensive survey of Chongqing Longchong Geopark, and detailed the tourism resources in the region;
In 2004, the Yunyang County Government officially launched the declaration of the Longjing Geopark, which played a very positive role in the protection of geological resources in the region. At the same time, it also allowed more people to pay attention to these unique resources;
In February 2005, the scenic spot was to be developed, and the planning was to be carried out first. The Yunyang leadership team who knew this truth began to carry out the park planning work intensively and completed the “Dragon Tank Geopark Master Plan”;
In August 2005, the Ministry of Land and Resources of the State Council officially granted the qualification of the National Geopark of Yunyang Longjing Geopark, which is both affirmation and promotion for the future development of the park;
In October 2007, the Longchong National Geopark was officially started, and the park boundary pillar was set up to build and improve the infrastructure in the park.
In September 2008, with the needs of tourism development. On the basis of fully protecting the park’s geological tourism resources, the preparation of the “Dragon Cylinder National Geopark Tourism Master Plan” was completed to promote the construction and development of the park;
In April 2012, the Longchong National Geological Park assumed that it had achieved initial results, officially opened to welcome guests, and ushered in a small climax during the May Day period. This is a great encouragement for the park, indicating that the park is very Market attractiveness;
In November 2012, through a series of efforts, the park’s Longjing scenic spot was officially rated as a national AAAA-level scenic spot. Now the park is actively preparing for the development of the other two blocks and the AAAAA in the Longjing scenic spot.
In March 2014, the cloud bridge with a total investment of more than 35 million yuan was started. It adopts the most advanced anti-wind and shock load technology to resist the strong winds and the magnitude 8 earthquake.
On May 1, 2015, the Cloud Covered Bridge officially opened to welcome guests.
In December 2016, Yunyang County Tourism Bureau invited Beijing Cabin Ski Co., Ltd. to build a 60,000 square meters ski resort in Longjing Scenic Area. The ski resort is divided into five core functional areas: the core ski area, the play snow and love area, the leisure and sightseeing area, the service supporting area and the infrastructure area. After the completion of the ski resort, it will become the largest ice and snow resort in Chongqing.
Full ticket: 100 yuan / person (from October 1, 2018); half-vote: 60 yuan / person.
Ticket admission time: 7:00-15:00 (summer); 8:00-14:00 (winter)
Closed: 19:00 (summer); 18:00 (winter)
Chongqing North-Yunyang (Lianhua Station), turn to Yunyang (Dongcheng Station)-Clearwater bus to reach the scenic spot, the whole journey takes about 5.5 hours;
Chongqing North-Wanzhou, transfer Wanzhou-Clearwater bus to the scenic spot, the whole journey takes about 5.5 hours.
Departure from Chongqing: Departure from the main city into the Humin Expressway, in the lower road of Yunyang, about 300 kilometers of expressway, the toll is about 200 yuan, then go to the national road in the direction of Lichuan, and reach the scenic spot via Panshi, Fengming, Longjiao and Qingshui. The whole journey is 375 km / 6 hours and 51 minutes.
Departure from Chengdu: The main city starts to enter the Shanghai-Chengdu Expressway. After passing through Guang’an and Dianjiang Humin Expressway, take the road in Yunyang, then take the national road in the direction of Lichuan, and pass the Panshi, Fengming, Longjiao and Qingshui to the scenic spot. The expressway is about 550 kilometers and the toll is about 350 yuan. The whole journey is 635 km/10 hours and 14 minutes.
Depart from Dazhou: Take Baomao Expressway (G65) to Linshui, then Hurong Expressway (G42) to Yunyang, and take the Yangtze River Bridge in Yunyang to take the Yunli Road to reach the scenic spot. You can also take a train from Dazhou to Wanzhou, then take a bus to Wanshui to reach the scenic spot.
Departure from Wuhan: The main city starts at the Huhuan Expressway via the Third Ring Road, and reaches Lichuan via Xiantao, Qianjiang, Jingzhou and Enshi. The expressway is about 550 kilometers. The toll is about 200 yuan. Then take the national road and arrive at the scenic spot via Baiyang and Qingshui. The whole journey is 600 km / 8 hours and 30 minutes.