Geographic location:Luanping County, Zhumadian City, Henan Province
Opening hours: 8：00-17：00
Chayashan, also known as Linglong Mountain, Xiyou Xianshan and Chayashan Scenic Area, is located in Muping County, Zhumadian City, Henan Province. It was developed in 2004 and is 40 kilometers away from Zhumadian City in the south. Geographical coordinates: 33°07′57.52 north latitude “, east longitude 113 ° 43 ‘22.31”, covers an area of 148 square kilometers.
The Chayashan Mountain is located in the foothills of the Shandong Mountains. It is connected to Nanshan, Beishan, Huaguoshan and Liufengshan. It is distributed in Xiumi Lake, Wuhu, Baihua Lake and Tianmo Lake. There are various scenic spots such as peaks, caves, sheds and rocks. Multiple places.
In 2004, Chayashan was listed as a national geological park; in 2015, Lushan was rated as a national AAAAA tourist scenic spot.
In the 33rd year of the Republic of China (1944), the 13th Brigade of the 5th Division of the New Fourth Army was established on the basis of the Red Rock Cliff of Chayashan Mountain. In November, the Henan guerrilla independence corps headed by Huang Lin led the main force to cross the Huaihe River to Chayashan Mountain. Open up the anti-Japanese base area, the headquarters is located in Hongshi Cliff, commander Huang Lin, deputy commander Yu Zhilong, political commissar He Zhenya.
On April 20, 1958, the Chayashan Satellite People’s Commune was established in Chayashan , the first people’s commune established in China, the second people’s commune in the world after the Paris Commune; in July of the same year, the former Central Political Bureau Alternate member and editor-in-chief of Hongqi magazine Chen Boda investigated and researched the Chayashan Satellite People’s Commune in Shaoshan. In August of the same year, the “Shanshan Satellite People’s Commune Brief” was revised and instructed by Mao Zedong, and the Beidaihe politics was held. The Bureau issued an enlarged meeting; on September 1, the same year, the “Shanshan Satellite People’s Commune Brief” was published in the full text of the 7th issue of “Red Flag” magazine; in October of the same year, the office building of the Chayashan Satellite People’s Commune was established; the same year in October On the 13th, Chairman Mao Zedong visited the Chayashan Satellite People’s Commune to inspect.
In 1972, the Yongshan Reservoir was built in Chayashan (in 2004, Yonghong Reservoir was renamed Wuhu).
In 1989, the stone carving museum of the Xishan Mountain Tour was completed.
In 1997, Chayashan expanded the original Baogong Temple into Baogong Temple.
In 2000, Wushan Pavilion and Bai Monkey Bridge were built.
In 2004, Chayashan launched a tourism development and construction project.
In 2005, the Chayashan Geological Museum was officially opened and opened to tourists.
In 2009, Chayashan launched the hot spring town project.
Chayashan is located in Luanping County, Zhumadian City, Henan Province, 40 kilometers south of Zhumadian City. The geographical coordinates are 33°07′57.52′′ north latitude and 113°43′22.31′′ east longitude, with a total area of 148 square kilometers. The main scenic area covers an area of 50 square kilometers.
Chayashan , located in the south-central part of Henan Province, is a granite-shaped landform composed of beeswax, Nanshan, Beishan, Liubeishan, Huaguoshan and Tianmoshan. The main peak of the Wax Mountain There is no gap in the height of 300 meters. After long weathering and erosion, the granite of Chayashan is a medium-grain positive (potassium) long granite with the theme of flesh-red, with plaque and band structure, rich in medium and coarse grains. Potassium feldspar, also known as medium-grained potassium feldspar; Chayashan formed from the Yanshanian orogeny at the end of the Triassic to the Cretaceous period. After the formation of the mountain rock, the mountain is relatively ascending or descending, forming a mountain.
Located in the transition zone between subtropical zone and warm temperate zone, Chayashan Mountain is a typical continental monsoon-type semi-humid climate with abundant sunshine, abundant rainfall, mild and humid, four distinct seasons, annual average temperature of 15.1 °C; July hottest, monthly average temperature of 27.5 °C The coldest month in January, the average monthly temperature is 1.4 °C. The annual average precipitation is 927 mm and the annual average sunshine is 2126 hours.
There are thousands of native plants growing on the mountain of Chayashan Mountain, covering more than 95%. There are broadleaf, coniferous, evergreen, deciduous irrigation trees and wild fruits, medicinal herbs, mountain vegetables, wild flowers, etc. Autumn red leaves are a phenological natural landscape.
Chayashan is mainly composed of Nanshanmen District, Nanshan Mountain, Beishan Mountain, Liufeng Mountain, Tianmo Lake and Wuhu Scenic Area. The stone, mountain and water are in the scenic area, and the gorge, valley and peak are connected. Nanshan, Beishan and Liufengshan are adjacent. Xiu Mi Lake, Wuhu Lake and Tian Mo Lake are scattered among them. There are three mountain gates, Nanshan Gate, Dongshan Gate and Beishan Gate.
Nanshanmen District is located at the southern end of Chayashan Mountain. The main attractions include scenic spot monument, patch bridge, stone arch bridge, Nanshan Gate, Xiyou Culture Square, Geological Museum, Journey to the West, and Waterwheel Street.
The main monument of the scenic spot is “ Chayashan Scenic Area” inscribed by Zhang Hai, Chairman of the Chinese Calligraphy Association. The east is the name of the Chayashan Mountain, the chairman of the former Chinese Calligraphy Association, and the main monument of the Chayashan National Geopark in the west. On the back is the inscription on the “Love, Hometown Love” inscribed by Song Fujin. The left channel is set in the ancient Chinese chess and chess.
Patch bridge stone arch bridge
The patch bridge is paved with folk stone sarcophagi and grinding discs, and the stone arch bridges are all built with the stone of Luanping County.
Nanshanmen, before and after is the main mountain gate square of Chayashan , divided into the front square and the back square, covering an area of 100,000 square meters, mainly including the main mountain gate passage, the main mountain gate comprehensive service area, the parking area, the main monument area of the National Geological Park, Waterwheel group area and sightseeing water system area.
Westward Culture Square
The Westward Culture Square has four statues of the Tang dynasty and the disciples of the Journey to the West, as well as the welcoming ceremony of the Journey to the West and the ceremonial performances of the Eight Rings.
The Geological Museum, with a building area of 1,500 square meters, is divided into three parts: the general exhibition hall, the geological multimedia exhibition hall and the Journey to the brick sculpture art museum. The whole is an irregular ring. The exhibition hall uses: sound, light, electricity, graphic And the physical specimens and other means to introduce the geological formation and evolution process of Chayashan .
Journey to the West
Journey to the West Carving Museum, the third generation of the emblem carving Zhang Cunshi carried more than 30 disciples, which lasted more than 3 years. The brick sculpture is 100 meters long and has 20 editions. , bas-relief, openwork carving, inscription, line engraving and many other engraving techniques, carved more than 3,600 demon ghosts, 1800 people, 100 times, 99 scenes, 81 difficulties, 71 countries, a comprehensive and systematic description of the “westward tour” The storyline of “Remember”.
Waterwheel style street
Waterwheel style street, 6 waterwheel groups, 28 meters high, 20 meters in diameter, and 9.6 tons in weight. The shape of the drowning car resembles an ancient wheel. The water is 26 meters high. The center of the spoke is a thick axle. The round wheel is surrounded by 50 wooden buckets and a horizontal plate twice as much as the wooden bucket.
Nanshan, located at the southern end of Chayashan Mountain, picks up the stairs from Nanshan. The main attractions are Double Monkey Moon, Xiu Mi Lake, Honey Wax Peak, Wu Gongting, Wu Daxian, Heifeng Cave, Baogong Temple, Taohua Cave, Animal Stone Circle, Tongtian turtle, sea lion stone, frog Wangtian, Erdaomen, wild donkey, war and peace, Wulonggong, Xiyouji sculpture garden, Qiankongbai, Baibu ladder, slide, Fenghuangtai, Laojun Garden Peak, Qianlong Bed, Feilaishi, Shouxingshi, Wugongdong, Yixiantian, Zhonghua Bonsai Garden, Stone Monkey, Mother Stone, Suspension Bridge, etc.
The double monkey looks at the moon, the first scene of the famous one stone and three scenes in Chayashan Mountain, the double monkey moon watching landscape of the monkey back monkey stone, which means “the generation of the first generation of the seal” (the other two scenes are the world’s first stone monkey and lover stone).
Xiu Mi Lake
Xiu Mi Lake is named after the beeswax peak of the lake. It takes beautiful scenery and the meaning of the lake.
Wu Gongting, built to commemorate the 500th anniversary of Wu Cheng’s birth, Wu Gong is the honorary name of the Chayashan people when Wu Chengen wrote “Journey to the West” in Chayashan.
The Batu Caves is a typical granite-stacked scaffolding cave landscape. The exit is the location of the TV series “Journey to the West” to capture the black wind monster.
Journey to the Sculpture Garden
The Journey to the West is a theme sculpture garden based on the main storyline and characters in The Journey to the West. The main attractions are Huaguoshan Water Curtain Cave, Masters and Mentoring, Leiyin Temple, Baigu Cave, Spider Extract, and Holy Baby King. , Luo Luo Dian, Tong Tian Shen turtle, wolf monster fox and tree fine vines.
A line of days, more than 10 meters high, more than 20 meters long, 30 cm wide, looking up from the inside to see a line can only see a line, hence the name “one line of the sky.”
Beishan is located at the northern end of Chayashan Mountain. The main attractions are Penglai Three Caves, Cliff Stone Carvings, Baiyun Cave and Tianwangding.
Cliff stone carving
There are two main types of rock carvings. One painting is “like a dog and a dog. It is like a sheep and a sheep. It is like a horse. It looks like a non-like”. It is a Buddha’s body. The “Buddha Body Beast”; the Buddha Body and the Four are not the rock carvings of different eras, but also one of the well-preserved ancient cultural relics of Mount Lao.
King of Heaven
Tianwangding, the main peak of Beishan Mountain, is more than 500 meters above sea level. The mountain road leading to Tianwangding is narrow. It needs to lean down and ride on the stone to pass, and the top of the mountain can overlook the eastern plain.
Tianmo Lake is located at the western end of Chayashan Mountain. The main attractions are Buddha Statue, Suspended Needles, Observation Deck, Bibotan, Yingying, Dazhangya, Guanyufeng, Baoshan Stone Monkey, Echo Valley, Tianmafeng Tianma Lake, Moon Bay, Bread Stone, Bai Monkey Bridge, Linglong Peak, etc.
Hanging needle stone
The hanging needle stone is located on the west of Fengshan, the main peak of Nanshan Mountain. It is an independent stone pillar with a width of up and down and a height of 28 meters. It is like a steel needle.
Baimao Bridge, with a total length of 107 meters and a dam height of 15.2 meters, is a 16-hole 15 blocking dam-style landscape bridge. There are 130 stone monkeys in the guardrail, hence the name Bai Monkey Bridge.
Pipahu is located at the southwestern end of Chayashan Mountain. The main attractions are Pipahu , Lanshi, Yonghonglong, Mao Boy Wall, Red Baby, Jifeng, Geological Science Park, Baizhang Cliff and Fengshuling.
Baizhang Cliff, granite is affected by the mountain movement, and the rock rises or falls to form a rocky steep wall landscape with exposed surface. Because of its towering appearance, it is known as Baizhang Cliff.
Development and construction
In 2015, Chayashan added signage signs and security warning lines, and added and widened several self-driving parking spots such as Namdaemun and Dongdaemun.
Chayashan is the creative place of Wu Cheng’s famous book “Journey to the West”, and is also the location for shooting the TV series “Journey to the West” and “Sequel to the Journey to the West”.
Chayashan is the birthplace of the first people’s commune in Chinese history.
On September 25, 2000, the Chayashan Satellite People’s Commune was announced by the People’s Government of Henan Province as a key cultural relics protection unit.
In January 2004, Chayashan was listed in the National Geopark.
In 2004, Chayashan Scenic Area won the first batch of civilized scenic spots at the provincial level.
In 2004, Chayashan won the provincial top ten scenic spots.
In 2005, Chayashan was included in the National Forest Park.
In 2006, Chayashan was listed as a national cultural relics protection unit.
In 2010, Chayashan won the National Youth Civilization.
In November 2015, Chayashan successfully established a national AAAAA-level tourist attraction.
In 2017, Chayashan won the outstanding performance of tourism work.
In 2017, the China Mountain Marathon Series Zhumadian Chayashan Station was awarded the title of “Westward Mountain Horse” by the Chinese Mountaineering Association.
At the end of the Western Han Dynasty, Wang Xiu Liu Xiu once chased Chayashan , and Liu Xiu fled from Chayashan . At the end of the dynasty, the peasant uprising leader Dou Jiande and Qin Wang Li Shimin decided to fight, because they were outnumbered, and they lost their battles and died in the mountains. After Li Shimin took the emperor, he won the foundation of his victory. He often took the Qin Qiong and Jingde to the mountains to enjoy the water. In the early days of the Tang Dynasty, Xuanzang practiced in the area of Chayashan . His great disciple, Daoquan, and the three disciples, were the Chayashan people.
In order to avoid the disaster, Wu Chengen passed through the Chayashan Mountain and was inspired by the landscapes of Chayashan Stone Monkey, Sleeping Tang, drunk Bajie, Bailongma, Dinghai Shenzhen, Laojun Garden, Batu Cave, Gaolaozhuang and Liusha River. , created a masterpiece “Journey to the West”.
On April 20, 1968, the tenth anniversary of the establishment of the Chayashan Satellite People’s Commune, planted the “Long live the People’s Commune” memorial forest, a total of tree species of arborvitae arborvitae, 1000 evergreen trees, covers an area of 150 acres.
On April 15, 2017, the first stop of the China Mountain Marathon Series was held in Chayashan .
Chayashan tickets 70 yuan / person;
Children under the age of 1.4 meters are exempt from the ticket, free for the elderly over 70 years old, free tickets for military personnel, journalists, and disabled persons; discount tickets for student cards issued above 1.4 meters, and senior citizens’ certificates and ID cards for 60-70 years old.
Chayashan opening hours: 7:30-17:30 (summer); 8:00-17:00 (winter).
From Beijing, Shanghai, Guangzhou, Zhengzhou, Xiamen, Xi’an, Taiyuan, Chongqing, Chengdu, Wuhan, Changsha, Shijiazhuang, Yichang, Huaihua, Yinchuan, Guiyang, Wuxi, Nanjing, Suzhou and other places, trains pass through Zhumadian Railway Station, in Zhumadian The bus station transfers to the shuttle bus in Luanping County, and the shuttle bus from the Fuping County Bus Station to the Chayashan Scenic Area.