Beijing Olympic Park

Beijing Olympic Park

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Geographic location:Chaoyang District, Beijing

Level:AAAAA

Main Attractions:Bird’s Nest, Water Cube, Beiding Niangniang Temple

Suitable for the play season:April-October

Beijing Olympic Park is located in Chaoyang District of Beijing, at the northern end of the central axis of Beijing, north to the south bank of Qinghe River, south to Beitucheng Road, east to Anli Road and Beichen East Road, west to Lin Cui Road and Beichen West Road, with total land occupation. With an area of 11.59 square kilometers, it embodies the three concepts of “technology, green and humanity”. It is a new urban area that combines various functions of office, business, hotel, culture, sports, conference and residence.

During the 2008 Olympic Games, there are Bird’s Nest, Water Cube, National Stadium, National Convention Center Fencing Hall, Olympic Sports Center Stadium, Olympic Sports Center Stadium, Yingdong Swimming Hall, Olympic Park Archery Range, Olympic Park Tennis Court, Olympic Park Hockey Stadium. Wait for 10 Olympic competition venues. In addition, it includes 7 non-competition venues including the Olympic Main News Center (MPC), International Broadcasting Center (IBC), Olympic Reception Center, and Olympic Village (Paralympic Village) [1], which includes sports events and convention centers. Comprehensive public public activity center including various functions such as science and education culture and leisure shopping.

From December 4, 2017, Beijing Olympic Park will try to enter the park under the real name system.

Geographical environment

Location horizon

Beijing Olympic Park is located in Chaoyang District of Beijing, at the northern end of the central axis of Beijing, north to the south bank of Qinghe River, south to Beitucheng Road, east to Anli Road and Beichen East Road, west to Lin Cui Road and Beichen West Road, with total land occupation. The area is 11.59 square kilometers.

Climate characteristics

Beijing Olympic Park is a temperate continental semi-humid monsoon climate. Four distinct seasons,
Beijing Olympic Park scenery
Beijing Olympic Park scenery (58 photos)
  Concentration of precipitation. Dry and windy in spring, large temperature difference between day and night; hot and rainy in summer; sunny and dry in autumn, suitable for cold and warm, full of sunshine; cold and dry in winter, windy and snowy. The annual average temperature is 11.6 °C, the average temperature in January is 4. 6 °C, the hottest month is July, the average temperature is 25.9 °C, the annual frost-free period is 192 days, the annual average precipitation is 581 mm (1971-2000), and the summer precipitation is 75% of the year. Since 1998, the climate has been warm and dry, and it has been dry for years. The total amount of sunshine radiation in the whole year is 134.24 kcal and square centimeter, and the physiological radiation accounted for 49% of the total annual radiation. The total number of sunshine hours in the year was 2841.4 hours, with the highest in May, with 279.1 hours; followed by June, with 277.3 hours.

Structure layout

The Beijing Olympic Park is divided into three parts: the Olympic Forest Park of 6.8 square kilometers in the north, the central area of 3.15 square kilometers in the middle, and the built and reserved area of 1.64 square kilometers in the south (the Olympic Sports Center).

The completed and reserved area was originally the National Olympic Sports Center. It is located in the area south of the North Fourth Ring Road and east of Beichen Road. All the venues are the venues for the 1990 Asian Games – including the Olympic Sports Center Stadium and Olympic Sports Center. Stadium and Yingdong Swimming Pool. The southern reserve will be developed as a cultural business district. The central area is located in the middle of the Olympic Park, south of Kehui Road and north of North Fourth Ring Road. There is an Olympic Village in the northwest corner, and various main venues in the south, including the National Stadium “Bird’s Nest”, the National Aquatics Center “Water Cube”, the National Stadium, the National Convention Center (the fencing hall, the International Broadcasting Center). In addition, the Olympic Multi-purpose Broadcasting Tower (Linglong Tower), the Digital Beijing Building, and the Main Press Center are also in this area . The Forest Park is located north of Kehui Road. It uses the ancient Chinese garden technology of the lake to build the “Olympic Sea” and “Yangshan” as the end point of the Beijing central axis extending northward. The park is divided into the North District and the Southern District by the Fifth Ring Road. The Southern District is dominated by artificial landscapes, and the location of the North District is closer to the natural wilderness. In the middle of the two districts, an “ecological corridor” spanning the Fifth Ring Road is set up. On the west side are the Olympic Park Hockey Stadium, the Olympic Park Archery Range and the Olympic Park Tennis Court (now known as the “National Tennis Center”). In another division, all areas except the Olympic Village are combined according to planning functions, and five areas are divided:

South of the National Stadium North Road is the “sports function area”, the National Stadium “Bird’s Nest”, the National Aquatics Center “Water Water Cube”, the National Stadium, the Olympic Sports Center Stadium, the Olympic Sports Center Stadium, the Yingdong Swimming Pool and other major sports facilities are located. Within this area. Between the National Stadium North Road and the Kehui Road, the east side of the Dragon-shaped water system is the “Cultural Science and Education District”. The new Science and Technology Museum opened after the game, the planned new museum of the National Art Museum of China, and the China National Studies Center are located in the cultural and educational facilities. This area. Between the National Stadium North Road and Kehui Road, the west side of the Dragon-shaped Water System is a “characteristic business district”. The National Convention Center, the Beichen Intercontinental Hotel, the Sunken Plaza Commercial District, and the Watchtower under construction are located in this area. The “forest recreation area” between Kehui Road and the Fifth Ring Road corresponds to the Southern District of the Forest Park. North of the Fifth Ring Road is the “Eco-Sports Area”, corresponding to the North District of the Forest Park.

The Olympic Park has designed different landscapes around the central axis of the park, and has designed three axes – the central axis, the tree array on the west side and the dragon-shaped water system on the east side. Three different spaces (Celebration Square, Sinking Garden, Leisure Square) are set up between the dragon-shaped water system and the central axis. The waterfront is also equipped with landscape design. In the park, an iconic landscape tower, the Linglong Tower, was set up to provide studios and TV broadcasts for the media. In addition, the historical relics in the park, including the historical sites such as the Beiding Niangniang Temple, are also considered within the scope of landscape design.

The central axis itself is designed as a landscape avenue with a total area of 400,000 square meters. There is no building in the middle (called the “virtual axis”, as opposed to the “real axis” of the building in the inner city). From the south of the boulevard to the island of Panda, north to the South Gate Square of the Forest Park, the total length is 3.7 kilometers. In the range of 21 to 60 meters in width, gray granite is used to imitate the royal roads in Chinese ancient buildings, even if The location of the intersection of municipal roads remains unchanged to maintain the integrity of the avenue.

The tree-line landscape on the west side has a bandwidth of 100 meters and a length of 2.4 kilometers. It runs from the north side of the Fourth Ring Road in the south to Kehui Road in the north, and is disconnected in the middle of the National Swimming Center and the National Stadium to form a square. The trees in the tree array are separated by 6 meters, and the matrix is arranged. The tree species are mainly local species in Beijing. Considering the cost, not all of the ginkgo is used, but the species of Pinus tabulaeformis, Populus tomentosa, Chinese carp, and eucalyptus are the main body of the square. The side is run through the ginkgo array. Under the tree, from the hard permeable bricks in the south to the regular hedges in the middle, it eventually became the free greening of the north and gradually integrated into the forest.

The east-facing dragon-shaped water system has a total length of about 2.7 kilometers, a width of 20 to 125 meters, and a total area of 16.5 hectares. It starts from the south side of the bird’s nest in the south and reaches the forest park Olympia in the north. Although it is an artificial water system, the water source is also the middle water produced in the sewage treatment plant, but the ecological balance is artificially constructed during construction to achieve the effect of natural purification. The West Bank of the West Bank is a non-motorized road, with a hydrophilic platform next to the sinking garden, supplemented by steps, platforms, seats and other facilities. On the east bank, a strip of green space is set up. The vegetation on the west side is relatively short and sparse, and the east side is called high and dense. This is beneficial for viewing the central area from the east bank to the west, and also makes the central area look eastward. Layering.

In the three-segment space, the southern section of the celebration plaza is connected to the central axis plaza, providing space for the surrounding national stadiums, swimming centers, and gymnasiums for large-scale event gathering and outdoor activities after the game, and fountains on both sides of the north and south. The mid-sinking garden is designed in conjunction with the surrounding subway station and more than 200,000 square meters of underground commercial facilities. Seven courtyards are set up under the theme of “Open Forbidden City”, which are arranged from south to north, with different designs ( 4, No. 5 courtyard is separated by roads, using the same design), reflecting different elements of traditional Chinese culture. In the northern part of the leisure garden, vegetation is naturally planted, as the central area gradually transitions to the buffer zone of the forest, and there is an open space in the middle of the vegetation for activities; the watchtower under construction is located in the leisure garden.

The underground circular traffic corridor in the central area of ​​Beijing Olympic Park is 9.9 kilometers long, of which the main road is 4.5 kilometers long and is the longest urban tunnel in Asia. The direction of the circular passage is roughly equivalent to Nanyi Road, Hubian East Road, Beiyi Road and Jingxi West Road in the central area of ​​the Olympic Park. The east and west sections are 13 meters above the ground, and the north and south sections are 7.8 meters above the ground. The main body of the channel is 4,498.92 meters long, with a total length of 1713.8 meters. The outlet connected to the ground is 3,719.06 meters long, and the entire underground engineering length is 9,931.78 meters. The channel is 12.25 meters wide and has 3 lanes. The special feature of the channel is that it only allows one-way driving in a counterclockwise direction with a speed limit of 30 km per hour. 25 entrances and exits connect the surrounding road network. There is an entrance and exit every two or three hundred meters in the underground passage, a total of 25. The dense entrances and exits are connected to nearly 10 municipal roads such as the North Fourth Ring Road, Chengfu Road, Datun Road, Kehui Road and Beichen Road around the central area of ​​the Olympic Park. Among them, there are 6 entrances and 7 exits connected to the ground road, and 6 entrances and 6 exits connected to the Datun Road Tunnel and the Chengfu Road Tunnel. The underground passageway also communicates with the underground garage in the surrounding buildings, and interfaces are reserved for those buildings that are still on the drawings and have not been started. There are 34 such interfaces. In addition, the underground passage is not a simple passage, and there are complete auxiliary facilities, including 5 independent personnel escape exits, 1 fire pump station, 1 monitoring center, exhaust fan room and blower room.

Main Attractions

Bird’s nest

The National Stadium “Bird’s Nest” is one of the landmark buildings of the Beijing Olympic Games. It is located in the south of the Beijing Olympic Park and on the east side of the central axis. It is the main stadium of the 29th Olympic Games in 2008. The total area is 21 hectares and the building area is 258,000 square meters. There are about 91,000 seats in the audience, of which about 11,000 are temporary seats.

Beijing Olympic Park

The opening and closing ceremonies, track and field events and football finals of the 29th Olympic Games and the 13th Paralympic Games in 2008 were held here. After the Olympic Games, it will become a comprehensive large-scale venue for cultural sports, fitness shopping, catering and entertainment, and tourism exhibitions, and become a landmark sports building and Olympic heritage.

Beijing Olympic Park

Water Cube

The Water Cube is one of the landmark buildings of the Beijing Olympic Games. It is located in the south of the Beijing Olympic Park and on the west side of the central axis. It is the main swimming pool of the 29th Olympic Games in 2008.

Beijing Olympic Park

The Water Cube is the only swimming venue with more than 10,000 people, and the amount pledged has reached 960 million yuan. During the 2008 Olympic Games, the National Swimming Center will undertake swimming, diving, synchronized swimming, water polo and other competitions. It can accommodate 17,000 seats for the audience, including 6,000 seats for permanent audience. It is a water park integrating swimming, fitness and leisure.

Beijing Olympic Park

National Stadium

The National Stadium is one of the three major competition venues for the Beijing 2008 Olympic Games. Its shape resembles an unfolding folding fan. It is adjacent to the “Bird’s Nest” (National Stadium) and the “Water Cube” (National Swimming Hall). Characteristic architectural community. It is located in the south of Beijing Olympic Park, east to the central axis square, south to the National Aquatics Center (“Water Cube”), west to the Digital Beijing Building, and north to the National Convention Center. It covers an area of 6.87 hectares and has a total construction area of 81,000 square meters. The museum has a volume of 510,000 cubic meters and can accommodate up to 20,000 people. It is the largest indoor comprehensive gymnasium in China.

Beijing Olympic Park

The main venue area is 30,000 square meters, and the warm-up hall that is integrated with the main building is the same size as the main competition venue. The third floor of the gymnasium is a VIP box, with a total of 19 large, medium and small boxes ranging from tens to hundreds of square meters, and is equipped with restaurants, special elevators and other facilities.

The National Stadium project is a metal roof and the exterior wall is decorated with a glass curtain wall. It is currently designed by the China National Building Design and Research Institute and the Beijing Urban Construction Design and Research Institute. The Beijing Urban Construction Group has a Chinese-style venue.

As a first-class sports facility in Beijing, the National Stadium is a civic activity center that integrates sports competitions, culture and entertainment, and provides multi-functional services.

Beijing Olympic Park

National Conference Center

The National Convention Center is the main venue for the 2008 Olympic Games, the International Broadcasting Center and the Olympic fencing competition, as well as the temporary venue for the modern five-fencing fencing and air pistol competition. Located in the Beijing Olympic Park, the Bird’s Nest and the north side of the Water Cube. Its main part is designed to incorporate the design elements of eaves and arches in traditional Chinese architecture. The total construction area is 530,000 square meters, and the main building area of the conference center is 270,000 square meters. There are nearly 100 meeting rooms of different sizes, equipped with state-of-the-art conference audio-visual equipment, which can satisfy multi-functional services ranging from 20 to 6,000 people, conferences, banquets, performances, new product launches, company events of different sizes. demand. The largest meeting room is 6,400 square meters, which can accommodate 6,000 people, and the grand ballroom is 4,860 square meters, which can accommodate 3,500 people. With an exhibition hall of 24,000 square meters and a net height of 10 meters, it has only three pillars and can be flexibly divided into four separate exhibition halls to meet the needs of various conferences, exhibitions, incentive tours and large-scale events. The supporting facilities have a construction area of approximately 260,000 square meters.

Beijing Olympic Park

Forest Park

The Olympic Forest Park runs through the north end of the central axis of Beijing and is located in the northern part of the Olympic Park. It is currently the largest urban park in Beijing’s planning and construction. It is known as the “back garden” of the 29th Olympic Games and became a citizen of Beijing after the game. Natural landscape tour area. The Olympic Forest Park is the closest forest park to the citizens of Beijing. The park covers an area of 680 hectares, which is larger than the sum of the area of the Summer Palace and the Yuanmingyuan. It is the size of 10 Beihai Parks, and the area of the Southern District is 380 hectares. The “main mountain main lake” in the southern part of the park is the main mountain of the forest park. It is on the central axis of the mountain and echoes the north and south. The reason why the name is “Yangshan” is because of the poems of “The Book of Songs”, “The Mountain is Ending, and the Scenery is Stopping”. The main mountain body of Yangshan is made up of 3.98 million cubic meters of earthwork, which echoes with the northwestern barrier of Beijing-Yanshan Mountain Range. It conforms to the tradition of Chinese garden construction and complements the surrounding environment.

Beijing Olympic Park

Sinking garden

The park with its unique Chinese characteristics in the sunken garden of the Olympic Park perfectly interprets the “open Forbidden City”. Located on the ground floor of the Olympic Park, 9 meters below the ground, it is surrounded by large shopping malls and subway entrances. The 700-meter space is made up of 7 courtyards. From the south to the north, the Imperial Palace Gate, the ancient wood flower hall, the ritual and music gate, the crossing of Pazhou, the harmony of the courtyard, and the watermark long days. The 7 courtyards are highlighted by Chinese elements, fully demonstrating the cultural heritage of Chinese history and modernity.

Beijing Olympic Park

No. 1 Courtyard: Imperial Palace Gate

The Imperial Palace Gate is the entrance space on the south side of the sunken garden. The 18-meter-wide Yudao Step guides people into the 9-meter-deep plaza. The gate of the entrance is designed for the entrance of the large steps. The image of traditional architecture, from the big steps to the palace gate is a square square of 36 meters square, simple and solemn; this is a multi-functional open space, it is a collection space, but also a performance stage, it is based on the palace gate, in There are electric high-definition LED display screens on both sides of Gongmen Cave, which can play a huge picture of 18 meters wide and 5 meters high. It has the complete function of the amphitheatre. The southeast side of the square is a leisure space composed of tree array, water drop and fountain. The super-water wall with a height of 50 meters and a height of 6 meters constitutes the effect of high tide and low tide.

No. 2 Courtyard: Ancient Muhua Pavilion

The ancient wood flower pavilion is a representative ternary quadrangle of Beijing residents. It maintains the basic spatial pattern of the traditional courtyard house. It represents the traditional tile roof of the courtyard and the supporting system of the roof. It opens the traditional closed space into an open external space. Add elements such as openwork tile walls, reflection pools, and tiling tiles to inject new expressions into traditional spaces.

Courtyard 3: ritual and heavy doors

The east side of the ritual heavy gate yard is the underground commercial under the dragon-shaped water system. The west side is the subway Olympic branch line and part of the commercial space. The north and south ends are connected with the front and back yards, which is a transitional space. There are red walls here, and there are hundreds of “drums” supported by red steel. The drums can be knocked, the drums contain lights, the drums during the day, the lights at night, and the drum lights combine to set up a festive red door for the Olympics. There is also a row of “Bronze Xiao” standing beside the winding road. There is space on the pipe, the wind can be heard, and there are lights under the pipe to guide passers-by. There is also a bell tower built here. It is a bell ring that is full of ritual music on the steel frame. It swings with the wind and the sound is clear. In addition, the window is also pulled up in front of the window, which can be dialed like a string. The generator under the string will send a beautiful note, through the artificial tapping and flowing wind, the bell and the humming, the drum Hey.

No. 4, No. 5 Courtyard: Crossing Weizhou

The No. 5 and No. 5 courtyards and the Datun Road pedestrian tunnel are the contact spaces between the north and south gardens. The subway entrances and exits of the No. 4 courtyard and the Datun road transportation hub generate a large number of personnel distribution, so the transit constitutes the theme of space. This cross-traffic space combines with the green leisure space to express the yearning for the wonderland of Pazhou.

No. 6 Courtyard: Hehe-Siheyuan

No. 6 Courtyard Harmony – Siheyuan is a typical type of residential building in northern China, covering rural areas and cities. The original intention of the courtyard was to integrate historical and cultural factors into the creation of architecture.

House No. 7: Watermark long days

The No. 7 Courtyard of the Sunken Square is located at the northern end of the sinking garden. The overall spatial planning reflects the prosperity of the Guotai Min’an.

The sinking garden of the Olympic Park is operated and managed by Beijing Xinao Group and is planned for commercial development.

Beiding Niangniang Temple

The Beiding Niangniang Temple is a temple built by the Ming Dynasty. The temple was originally dedicated to Bixia Yuanjun. It is one of the five tops of the famous “Five Top Eight Temples” in Beijing. It is located at the northern end of the Beijing North Central Extension Line and is the symbol of the northern end of Beijing. Sexual architecture. According to historical records, the Beiding Niangniang Temple has many temples in Beijing in the Ming and Qing Dynasties. The temples in the city are mostly incense places, and the temples outside the city are mostly places in Youchun and Temple City. The “five tops” of old Beijing represent the five directions of the capital, each with its own characteristics. The top is dominated by social fires and walks; the south top sports car and horse racing are famous; the west top is the emperor’s birthday; The top and the east are temples and cities, which are places for the exchange of folk materials.

Beijing Olympic Park

Tennis center

The Olympic Park Tennis Center is located in the Beijing Olympic Park, bordering the North Fifth Ring Road in the north, Beichen West Road in the east, Baimiao Village Road in the west and an archery field in the south. The entire project covers an area of 16.68 hectares; the total construction area is 26,514 square meters, and a total of 10 competition venues are set up. Among them, the center stadium as the final venue can accommodate 10,000 spectators, the first venue can accommodate 4,000 spectators, the second stadium can accommodate 2,000 spectators, and the second platform has 7 preliminaries, each of which can accommodate 200 spectators. The total number of seats is 17,400. There are also 6 driving ranges.

Beijing Olympic Park

Development and construction

Site selection process

After the end of the 1990 Asian Games, Beijing soon began to bid for the 2000 Olympic Games. In the bid report submitted in 1992, it was proposed to expand the existing Olympic Sports Center as the main sports center, construct a new 100,000 stadium in the south of the Olympic Sports Center, and expand the Olympic Village to the north; Construction of the “21st Century Sports Center”, including swimming pools, gymnasiums and tennis courts. At that time, various international individual sports organizations had lower requirements for venues, and Beijing only needed to build seven new venues to meet the requirements.

However, Beijing lost to Sydney by one vote and failed to bid for the 2000 Olympic Games. After a lapse of five years, in November 1998, the CPC Central Committee and the State Council approved Beijing’s bid to host the 2008 Olympic Games. On March 31 of the following year, the Beijing Municipal Government and the State Sports General Administration established the “Beijing Bid for the 2008 Olympic Games Planning Coordination Group”. Research on the layout of the Olympic venues and the Olympic center. The site selection of the central area has gone through four stages of site selection. There are 15 plans in the first phase, and four directions are proposed in the third phase: the Olympic Sports Center, Dingfuzhuang, Shantou and Yizhuang. The Olympic Sports Center and the Southeastern Yizhuang are both oriented and refined into five options. In the end, in order to give the judges the best impression in the bidding process, the municipal government decided to abandon the southeast direction that is compatible with the direction of Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei integration, and chose to build the Olympic Center in the northern part of the city that was built more mature by the Asian Games. The center of the body expands to the north, and the original administrative center reserved for the central axis is changed to the Olympic Park.

The reserve of this piece was originally the scope of Datun Township and Yuli Township. In the middle of the country, the name of the land was low, and the name of the song was named after the Song and Liao ancient battlefields. This place was originally farmland. It was planned as a science city in the 1960s, and the 917 building was built. Several research institutes under the Chinese Academy of Sciences are here. Due to the reserved land reserved for planning, Beijing did not carry out any construction here, and thus became a region where the floating population lived, and even once was the market for waste paper trading.

Bid plan

After the site selection work, the municipal government immediately launched the collection of the Olympic Central District planning plan. At the beginning of March 2000, the Beijing Municipal Planning Commission held an international competition for the planning plan for the Olympic Central District. In July, it was judged by experts and selected 12 finalists. Subsequently, after the integration of the various programs, a bidding plan was formed.

The scope of the bidding plan includes the original Olympic Sports Center, the Chinese National Park, the Central District, the National Avenue, and the Yuli Forest Park, covering an area of ​​1,215 hectares. In the central area, a new stadium, swimming center, gymnasium, tennis center, hockey field, archery field will be built, and the exhibition hall of the new exhibition center will be used as the competition venue and main news center and international broadcasting center. Including 14 venues including existing venues, 15 events can be held. The stadium, gymnasium and swimming center are located on the east side of the central axis, connected by a podium; the exhibition center is located on the west side of the axis, symmetrically arranged with the east side sports building, and a square with a length of 800 meters and a width of 400 meters is arranged on the middle central axis. At the northern end, there is a twin tower with a tower height of 500 meters and a building area of ​​600,000 square meters. It functions as an office building and a hotel. It mimics the shape of the monument in front of the St. Peter’s Basilica in the Vatican and is intended to introduce Western architectural style, but it has been criticized. It is considered to ignore the characteristics of traditional culture. The Olympic Village is set up in the northwest corner, with a total construction area of ​​470,000 square meters. There are 3 restaurants, including 360,000 square meters of athlete apartments. Set up a forest park in the north.

Program formation

After the successful bid, the 500-meter twin tower project was abandoned due to factors such as safety, capital and feasibility. Subsequently, under the authorization of the Beijing Olympic Organizing Committee, the Beijing Municipal Planning Commission again conducted the collection of the Olympic Park planning plan in March 2002, and held a planning and design plan at the Beijing International Convention Center from July 16th to 29th. Exhibition. The first prize was awarded by the United States Sasaki Architects and China Tianjin Huahui Engineering Design Co., Ltd., which became the blueprint for the final design of the Olympic Park. In this program, the designer put forward the concept of “The Five Thousand Years of Chinese Civilization Memorial Avenue”. This avenue extends northward along the central axis, and the People’s Republic of China, Song Dynasty, Han Dynasty, and Zhou Dynasty are arranged from south to north. The five memorial plazas of Xia Dynasty and the Three Emperors and Five Emperors, the last two of which are located in the Olympic Forest Park, the axis finally disappeared into the forest park, meaning that ancient Chinese civilization originated in nature; the forest park is located in the north part of the Fifth Ring Road. It means the Kunlun Mountains; the south part is dominated by water, meaning the East China Sea, and an island is set up in the center, meaning Penglai Xiandao. The lakes of the Forest Park act as “faucets”, causing the dragon-shaped water system throughout the Olympic Park to bring nature into the city.

In November 2003, the Olympic Park Central District and Forest Park landscape design plan was collected. Sasaki Architects and Beijing Tsinghua Urban Planning and Design Institute won the joint program. For the first time, the central axis was named “the axis to nature.” On the basis of these several schemes, the designers have deepened, and after many discussions, the concept of “Five Millennium Memorial Avenue” has been cancelled, and the main mountain of the Forest Park has been moved to the south of the Fifth Ring, while reducing the water surface area to compress investment.

Construction process

The first project of the Olympic Park, Xindian Road, started on June 7, 2003. On December 24 of the same year, the Bird’s Nest and the Water Cube started construction. The subway Olympic branch started in May 2005; the forest park was June 30 of the same year. start. In 2008, these projects were completed. The Water Cube was completed on January 28; the official completion of the Bird’s Nest on June 28 marked the completion of the construction of the Olympic Park and the competition venue; the Olympic branch was opened for trial operation on July 19.

Subsequently, the Olympic Games opened on August 8, 2008, and during the closing of the Paralympic Games on September 17, the Olympic Park held a large number of competitions as the main stadium. After the closing of the Paralympics, the Olympic Park was closed to the outside world. From September 28th to October 6th, the Olympic Park will be open free of charge (by issuing tickets to control the flow of people) and become the most popular attraction in Beijing; after being closed for another 2 days, it will be free of charge.

Scenic honor

In 2010, Beijing Olympic Park proposed to create a 5A-level tourist attraction. In March 2013, Beijing Olympic Park was officially awarded the title of “National 5A Tourist Scenic Spot” by the National Tourism Administration. Beijing Olympic Park became the 8th in Beijing and the first national 5A tourist scenic spot in Chaoyang District.

main activities

Since its establishment in the Water Cube in 2011, the FINA World Diving Series has attracted more than 200 of the world’s top diving stars. The Water Cube carries the glory of 38 gold medals in the 2008 Beijing Olympic Games. After the game, it focuses on the positioning of “large indoor multi-purpose water center” and insists on the compatibility of professional sports, mass sports, water recreation and leisure. It has successfully held 10 international top water sports events with significant influence. The competition includes 3m board for men and women, 3m board for men and women, 10m platform for men and women, and 10m platform for women.

Tourist traffic

route

subway:

There are 3 subway lines, which are Line 8, Line 10 and Line 5. Among them, Metro Line 8 starts from Beitucheng in the south and goes to Forest Park in the north. There are 4 stations including Beitucheng Station, Olympic Sports Center Station, Olympic Park Station and Forest Park Station.

Take Line 10 to Beitucheng Station and transfer to Line 8 to reach the Olympic Park. The starting point of Metro Line 10 is Jinsong Station, and the end point is Bagou Station. It passes through the Chaoyang District, Fengtai District and Haidian District of the Central City, the CBD in the north, and the Songjiazhuang Public Transport Hub, the most important public transportation hub in the southeast of the city. Even the city’s transportation hub Liuliqiao. Take Line 10 to Beitucheng Station and transfer to Line 8 to reach the Olympic Park.

Subway Line 5 starts from Songjiazhuang in Fengtai District in the south and Tiantongyuan in Changping District in the north.

Bus:

Take the 839, 510 road Beichen West Bridge North Station; Yuntong 113, 407, 386, 656, 836 Express, 983 air-conditioned car route, 753, 740 inner and outer ring, 939, 944, 944, 660, 689 Road Beichen Bridge West Station Next; 328,379,419,425,484,518,628,751,836,851,913,949,963, Yuntong 110 Road, Yuli Nankou Station.

Self-driving:

There is currently no fixed parking space in the central area of the Olympic Park. Private cars are parked in the parking lot of Beichen East Road and Beichen West Road and cannot enter the park.
The city’s transportation department also provides special transportation services for people with disabilities: the subway provides special services for people with disabilities.

The route of the wheelchair passengers to the venue:

  1. Passengers in wheelchairs can change to Line 8 from Beitucheng Station on Line 10, and take the special passage in the station and take the vertical elevator to transfer to Line 8.
  2. Take the bus to Beitucheng Station and transfer to Line 8.
  3. After the tourists arrive at the Olympic Park Station on Line 8, exit from the southeast D port, enter the sinking garden, and take the vertical elevator or the ramp to the Park Plaza.

Arrive at the South Gate Station of the Forest Park and exit at the D Exit of the Southwest and enter the Park Plaza.

Directions for returning by wheelchair passengers:

  1. Visitors take the vertical elevator or the ramp to the sinking garden in the north of Linglong Tower. From the B, C and D exits of the subway, enter the Olympic Park Station on Line 8, and take the vertical elevator to the platform to take the No. 8 line.
  2. At the south gate of the Forest Park Nanmen Station, enter the South Gate Station of the Forest Park on Line 8, and take the vertical elevator to the platform to take the No. 8 line.
  3. After arriving at Beitucheng Station by Line 8, you can take the vertical elevator directly to the No. 10 line in the station.
    In addition, visitors can also take a taxi to get on and off at designated locations around the Olympic Park.

Security check

Biological agents, drugs, etc. Self-contained soft and hard packaged drinks, banner slogans, large bags, extra long (more than 1 meter) flags and flagpoles, radio equipment (which may affect TV broadcasts, interfere with the normal operation of instruments in the stadium), animals, etc. can not be brought into the venue. Other items that may be restricted are: professional camera equipment, tripods, lighters and matches, and musical instruments.

From December 4, 2017, visitors enter the Beijing Olympic Park and enter the park from the Aoyuan real name system in three ways. The first way is the second-generation ID card scanning; the second way is the mobile phone QR code scanning: the third way is to manually register the admission information. After the implementation of the real-name system, the Olympic Park will provide personalized, integrated services to enhance the experience of visitors to the park. At the same time, the real-name system can strengthen the supervision of the park by the regulatory authorities and ensure the safe and stable operation of the Olympic Park.

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