Bai-yang Lake

Bai-yang Lake

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Geographic location:Baoding, Hebei

Level:AAAAA

Famous scenery:Lotus Grand View Garden, Baiyangdian Cultural Garden

Climate type:Temperate continental monsoon climate

Anxin Baiyangdian Scenic Area, located in the central part of Hebei Province, Anxin Baiyangdian is the largest inland lake in Hebei, with a total area of 366 square kilometers. It is located in the hinterland of Beijing, Tianjin and Hebei, 189 kilometers from Shijiazhuang in the south, 162 kilometers from Beijing to the north and 155 kilometers to the east. Kilometers.

Anxin Baiyangdian Scenic Spot is a national AAAAA-level tourist scenic spot. The scenic spot has been famous for its rich products and beautiful scenery since ancient times. It is known as “Daijin Doujin” and “Four Seasons are Autumn”. The poem praises “Northern Jiangnan” and praises “ The land of fish and rice, President Jiang Zemin wrote an inscription: “North China Pearl Baiyangdian”.

In January 2017, the National Development and Reform Commission released the “National Red Tourism Classic Scenic Spots List”, and the Anxin Baiyangdian Scenic Spot was selected as the China Red Tourism Classic Scenic Spot.

Bai-yang Lake

Scenic history

Anxin Baiyangdian Scenic Area has a long history. As early as the Neolithic Age, there were human activities in the western and southern parts of the Dian District (now in the villages of Liang’an and Liangzhuang).
During the Spring and Autumn Period and the Warring States Period, the Dian Division belonged to Yan and Zhao, and the Yishui Great Wall (now Anxin County North Dyke) was bounded. Nange City (now Anzhou Town) belonged to Zhao and Beijiao Mucheng (now Anxin Town). Yan, so today’s Dianqu District has “Yannan Zhaobei”.
In the Song Dynasty, Liu Zhai made He Chengmao build water in the Dian District, and the Northern Song Dynasty famous Yang Yanzhao once smashed the soldiers.
Liu Dai, a Confucian scholar in the Yuan Dynasty, taught at Santai and Anzhou in the Dian District.
In 1517, the Yangcun River in the upper reaches of the Baiyangdian Watershed formed a trend of Jiuhe River. It was like “Wangyang Haoyu, and even the sky”, so it was renamed Baiyangdian.
In 2001, Baiyangdian Scenic Spot was rated as a national 4A level scenic spot.
In 2002, it was listed as a wetland nature reserve by Hebei Province. In 2005, it was listed as one of the top ten red tourist attractions in China.
On May 8, 2007, after the National Tourism Bureau National Tourism Scenic Area Quality Rating Committee approved, Anxin Baiyangdian Scenic Spot was rated as a national 5A-level tourist scenic spot.
85% of the waters in Baiyangdian are in Anxin County, Baoding City, so the scenic spot is called Anxin Baiyangdian Scenic Area.

Bai-yang Lake

Geographic location

Anxin Baiyangdian Scenic Area is located in the central part of Hebei Province. It is under the jurisdiction of five counties of Anqiu, Xiongxian, Rongcheng, Gaoyang and Renqiu of Baozhou City, with a total area of 366 square kilometers. The water area is the only remaining part of Gubaiyang Lake. , Jiuhe River, Qilong River, Xiaoyi River, Tanghe River, Fuhe River, Weihe River, Pinghe River, Yangcun River, Waterfall River and Baigou River, and the water town of Zeguo under the Jinmen Gate. The geographical coordinates are 38°44′-38°59′ north latitude and 115°45′-116°26′ east longitude.

Bai-yang Lake

Geographical environment

Topography

Anxin Baiyangdian Scenic Area is located in the low-lying area of the Yongding River alluvial fan of the Taihang Mountains and the alluvial fan of the Weihe River. It is a large lake with water all year round in the North China Plain. The river flows from west to east and forms a fan-shaped river network from south to north. Converging in one place, forming a natural depression. The lake consists mainly of 143 sediments and more than 3,700 gullies of various sizes, such as Baiyangdian, Matangdian, Shaochean, and algae. It consists of a lake in the lake, a gully connection, and a special landform between the garden and the water surface.

The topography and geomorphology of Anxin Baiyangdian Scenic Area is formed by the repeated evolution of the lake and the lake. The waters of Baiyangdian Lake are unique in structure. It is different from the inland lakes in southern China and the artificial reservoirs in the north. It is not a contiguous piece of ocean, but a series of rivers that connect the various lakes together to form a river-dung connection. The reed lotus ponds are dotted with each other, and the layouts are separated and interconnected.

Bai-yang Lake

Climate type

The Anxin Baiyangdian Scenic Area is a temperate continental monsoon climate with a distinctive continental climate and four distinct seasons. It is dry and windy in spring, hot and rainy in summer, high in autumn and cold in winter. The average temperature is 12.1 ° C, the sunshine is 2638.3 hours, and the frost-free period is 203 days. The average precipitation is 5522.7 mm.

Bai-yang Lake

Natural resources

Plant

There are 47 large-scale aquatic plants commonly found in Anxin Baiyangdian Scenic Area, including 21 kinds of emergent plants, 7 kinds of floating leaves, 4 kinds of floating plants and 15 kinds of submerged plants. The waters in the Dian District are vast, forming aquatic plants such as lotus, reed, tamping and water chestnut.

Terrestrial plants are mainly dominated by broad-leaved trees. Common woody plants include poplar, willow, hedgehog, apple, etc. Herbs are mainly Compositae and Leguminosae, and crops include wheat, corn, rice, sorghum, and soybeans.

There are 9 algae plants, 11 classes, 26 orders, 55 families, 142 genera, 406 species, and 27 varieties. The dominant families include 13 families including D. sinensis, A. sylvestris, and Chromophyceae, including 292 species of 70 genera.

Bai-yang Lake

Animal

There are 14 kinds of mammals in the scenic area of Anxin Baiyangdian, belonging to 5 orders, 8 families and 12 genera. They are all terrestrial wild animals with beneficial or important economic and scientific value.

There are 197 species of birds in the scenic area, including 78 species of summer migratory birds, 19 species of resident birds, 88 species of migrating birds and 7 species of winter migratory birds. Among them, there are four types of birds protected at the national level, namely, red-crowned cranes, white cranes, giant salamanders, and oriental white storks. The national second-class protected birds include white spoonbills, white-fronted geese, pheasant cranes, gray cranes, big swans, and pheasants. There are 26 kinds of cockroaches and long-eared owls.

There are 54 kinds of fish resources in the scenic area. The main species are carp, black carp and scutellaria (Ajiao), among which the genus is the largest, with a total of 30 genera and 34 species.

In addition, the common benthic animals in the scenic spot are arthropods, mollusks and annelids, a total of 38 species, the dominant species are mollusks and crustaceans, and the number of snails is the largest.

Bai-yang Lake

Attractions landscape

Yuanxiao Lotus Garden

Yuanxiao Heyuan is located in the south side of the tourist terminal of Anxin County. It was built in 2001 and covers an area of about 1800 acres. It is divided into a beach bathing area, a lotus viewing area, a red tourist area, and a reed labyrinth area. There are six theme areas in the water entertainment area and dining and accommodation area.

The Yuanxiao Lotus Garden is the place where the Emperor of the Jin Dynasty Zhangzong Emperor’s Yuanshi Li Shier enjoys the lotus. In order to let the Lantern Festival see the lotus in the morning, the Emperor Zhangzong built a lotus garden and built a dressing table. It is called “the scorpion dressing table” by later generations. When developing this attraction, it was named “Yuanyu Heyuan”.

Bai-yang Lake

Lotus Grand View Garden

Baiyangdian Hehua Grand View Garden is located in Baiyangdian Scenic Area, Anxin County, Hebei Province Wetland Reserve. It covers an area of more than 2,000 acres and covers an area of 1,560 acres. It is a collection of 699 kinds of Chinese and foreign famous flowers. The colors of the flowers are red, yellow, white, pink and light green. Etc., the flower type has a single layer, double layer, multi-layer, the plant type has a small bowl of lotus seeds that can be placed on the desk, and there is a South American king lotus that can carry a few pounds.

There are five districts in the Grand View Garden (Wingbin District, Service Zone, Catering Zone, Cailian District, Guanjing District), Siyuan (Boutique Garden, Jingxin Garden, Fishing Park, Folk Customs Park), Sangang (Boat Port, View) Fish port, leisure port), Ertan (beach bath, leisure beach), Yishan (viewing mountain).

In the Grand View Garden, there are Shilihuanyuan Road, Baihe Lotus Pond, Qianzhang Huahua Bridge and Wanmi Ship Channel.

Bai-yang Lake

Yeouido

Located in the area of Anxin Baiyangdian Scenic Area, Yeouido covers an area of 64,000 square meters. It can watch the scheduled osprey fishing performance, water wedding ceremony and Baiyangdian folk performance on the island.

The window of Baiyangdian on the island was transformed from the original “Shuiboliangshan Palace”. It is located on the south side of the island and covers an area of 5,000 square meters. It consists of “six halls and one garden”, namely the guide hall, the humanities history hall and the folklore hall. Natural Resources Department, Heroic Epic Hall, Brilliant Performance Hall and Water Town Style Park. Focus on the natural culture of the wetlands of Baiyangdian, traditional historical culture and folk culture. Natural culture highlights the formation and changes of Baiyangdian. The historical and traditional culture highlights the famous squadrons and squadrons, and the folk culture highlights the customs of Baiyangdian.

Bai-yang Lake

Leisure island

The leisure island is located on the south side of Yeouido. It was built on May 1, 2002 and covers an area of more than 200 acres. The island is characterized by catering, accommodation, entertainment and folk customs. The eastern side of the leisure island is a revolutionary historical propaganda area. It mainly tells about the establishment process of the Yanling team and some of the deeds of the original form of the scorpion of the scorpion in the work of Xiao Bing Zhang Wei. The national leaders received some photos of him.

Leisure Island is also a food island. The island has a special leisure house and a folk customs village. It also prepares swimming, boating, gossip maze, fishing, group duck competition, karaoke, fish eagle fishing performance and other entertainment projects.

Bai-yang Lake

Exotic garden

Baiyangdian Foreign Country Garden is located in the area of Anxin Baiyangdian Scenic Area. It is adjacent to Yeouido in the north and leisure island in the south. It covers an area of 30 acres and is a high-altitude Davao performance, Thai boxing performance, Thai folk song and dance, European women’s wrestling and crocodile performance. , African lion hunting, mysterious lodge water back, rock climbing and bouncing in one of the entertaining, participatory style entertainment park.

In 2007, the exotic customs park was upgraded and upgraded, adding more than ten entertainment projects such as bumper cars, pirate ships, laser shooting, water walking balls, and cosmic flip.

Bai-yang Lake

Treasure Island Water Amusement Park

Baodao Water Amusement Park was built in 2008 and is located on the north side of Yeouido, covering an area of 85,800 square meters.

The main entertainment projects of Baodao Water Amusement Park include: Belarusian water ballet, Thai red artist performance, Guinness’s high-altitude speeding, skillful equestrian, animal training, acrobatics, etc. The island’s activities include entertainment and competition. Entertainment as one.

Bai-yang Lake

Baiyangdian Cultural Garden

Baiyangdian Cultural Garden is located in Baiyangdian, covering an area of about 2,000 acres.
The theme of the attraction covers the four major cultures of history, tradition, folklore and ecology.

Eight scenic spots of Baiyangdian Cultural Garden: Kangxi Shuiwei Palace, Baien Temple, Qianping, Dongdi Yanliu, Xidian Fenghe, Aquatic Botanical Garden, Luhuazhai Resort, Yanling Team Memorial Hall.

Bai-yang Lake

Baiyangdian Fisherman’s Paradise

Baiyangdian Fisherman’s Paradise was built in 2001 and covers an area of more than 10,000 acres.
It was the ancient battlefield of the famous Song Dynasty general Yang Yanzhao against Jin Yuliao. The waters in the scenic spots are wide and the water quality is clear. It is a typical wetland sightseeing spot.

Bai-yang Lake

Wangjiazhai Folk Village

The Wangjiazhai Folk Village covers an area of 4,995 square meters and is a resort base established for Baiyangdian folk customs. Here, you can participate in activities such as fishing, shrimping, osprey, boating, and watering the countryside to experience the rural life of the fishermen in the northern waters.

Bai-yang Lake

Scenic activity

“Xunzi·Impression” is a large-scale outdoor sitcom in the Baiyangdian Red Tourism Project, which is based on the familiar anti-Japanese stories of Xiaobing Zhangye and Yanling, and is active in Baiyangdian during the Anti-Japanese War. The Yanling team ambushed the sundial as the background of the times and performed an ornamental sitcom. In addition to the plots of traitors, gangsters, and ambushes, there are also characters in movies such as Xunzi and Luo Jinbao.

Bai-yang Lake

Scenic culture

Celebrity inscription

● On September 18, 1991, General Secretary Jiang Zemin came to Baiyangdian to inspect and personally inscribe “North China Pearl Baiyangdian”.
● In 2001, Vice Premier Qian Qichen went to Baiyangdian to inspect and personally inscribed, “Northland Water Town, Red, Green and Green”.

Bai-yang Lake

Folk legend

According to legend, a long time ago, on a Mid-Autumn Festival night, the fairy fairy stole the fairy medicine, and could not help but flutter away from the moon palace. Just when she was about to fall into the mortal world, she suddenly woke up. This shock is not the same, and the mirror is falling into the world. It fell into 143 blocks, large and small, forming the current 143 lakes.

Bai-yang Lake

Development and construction

In 2000, Anxin Baiyangdian Scenic Area built the largest inland tourist terminal in northern China, Baiyangdian Tourist Terminal. It has a total length of 317 meters and covers an area of 91 mu. It has 60 ships and can dock 600 ships at the same time. At the same time, a tourist service center has been set up, including a ticketing hall, a tourist lounge, a film and television hall, a special crowd service department, a tour guide service consultation office, a multimedia large screen, etc., and also provides free travel consultation, brochures, guide maps, Baiyangdian guide guide, mobile phone Charging, drinking water and many other services.

In addition, the scenic spot has built the largest area in North China, covering an area of more than 70 acres, high-standard ecological parking lot and three five-star tourist toilets with complete functions and high-end facilities. The entire scenic area is beautified, greened and purified. At present, Baiyangdian owns There are more than 200 hotels and restaurants, and the daily reception capacity is more than 15,000.

Bai-yang Lake

Travel information

traffic
Self-driving tour
(1) Take the Beijing-Guangzhou Highway and go to Baoding to go east to the Provincial Road Baojing Line and go directly to Anxin, 190 kilometers.
(2) Take the Beijing-Shenzhen Expressway. From Xushui East to Rongcheng under the high speed, take the lead directly to Anxin, 197 kilometers.
(3) Shangjinbao Expressway, via Baigou or Jingcheng to Anxin, 170 km.
(4) Take the Beijing-Shenzhen Expressway, heading east from Xushui, to the north of the Rongcheng Expressway, and take the lead directly to Anxin, 162 kilometers.
bus routes
(1) Beijing to Anxin: Starting at Muxiyuan, send a shift every half hour.
6:30 am – 5:20 pm;
(2) Tianjin to Anxin: Departure from the West Railway Station, one shift per day, at 7:30 am; Red Weiqiao departs every 1 hour, time 9:00–2:00 pm;
(3) Shijiazhuang to Anxin: Canal Bridge departs at 9:00 am; 11:00—2:00 pm every 1 hour;
(4) Baoding to Anxin: 656 shuttle bus of the passenger transport center, every 20 minutes; in addition, Baoding Passengers 1, 5, and 9 companies can pick up and drop off the tour group.

Route in the scenic area

The first is the parking lot of Anxin Baiyangdian Wharf, whether it is self-driving, shuttle or group.
From this, they got off the bus and changed to walk. Walk through the Furong Bridge for more than 400 meters (after the Tsui Di Chunxiao Pedestrian Street, which is the site of the Yan Great Wall in the Spring and Autumn Period), enter the Anxin Baiyangdian Tourist Terminal, and the pier has a tourist service center. Traveling to Baiyangdian must be carried out by boat, and the cruise ship is implemented in a charter system. The boat is divided into wooden boats, speedboats, environmentally friendly boats and paintings, with passengers ranging from 6 to 50 passengers.

Famous specialty

Salted duck eggs, cold lotus leaf buds, Baiyangdian big green shrimp, tea-grain pine eggs, casserole stewed fish, reed painting, lotus leaf tea, pot fish, Baiyangdian river crab, white cauliflower.

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