Geographic location：North of Guandaogou Ancient Road, Jundu, Yanqing District, Beijing
Famous scenery:Shudao City, enemy building
Suitable for the play season:March-May and September-November
Badaling, Pa-ta-ling, also known as Badaling, is a mountain pass in the Jundu Mountain, which is located 60 kilometers northwest of Beijing. It is 116°65’ east longitude and 40°25’ north latitude. The Badaling Scenic Area is dominated by the Badaling Great Wall.
The Badaling Great Wall is the best preserved section of the Ming Great Wall. It is also the most representative section. It is the essence of the Great Wall of the Ming Dynasty. It is the outpost of the Great Wall’s important gate, Juyongguan. The altitude is as high as 1015 meters. The terrain is dangerous and the city gate is strong. The history of the Badaling Great Wall is known as one of the best in the world. It is the essence and outstanding representative of the Great Wall. The superb architectural skills and immortal artistic value fully reflect the wisdom and strength of the working people of ancient China. The Badaling Great Wall is the earliest section of the Great Wall to the visitors.
In addition to the Great Wall, the Badaling Scenic Area includes the Great Wall Beilin, Wulang Statue, Shifo Temple Stone Statue, Jinyu Pond, Shudaoliang, Qiji Guangjing Garden, Yuan Chonghuan Garden, Great Wall Monument Forest Park, and the ancient city of Shudao. Badaling was initially formed with the opening section of the Great Wall and the Great Wall Museum of China and the Great Wall Cinema of the Great Wall as the main body. Three free scenic gardens were used as auxiliary, and the two affiliated scenic spots of the Remnant Great Wall and the Shudao Ancient City complemented the tour system with a strong sense of hierarchy.
Great Wall Cinema
Badaling Great Wall Quan Zhou Cinema: Beijing Great Wall Quan Zhou Cinema Co., Ltd. is located in the Badaling Great Wall Tourist Scenic Area. Its main business is the screening of the curtain movie. The ring-screen film uses advanced technology and stereo sound. It displays more than 6,000 kilometers of Great Wall monuments, spring, summer, autumn and winter seasons on the 360-degree ring screen, as well as historical stories about the Great Wall (Qin Shihuang’s ascension, Meng Jiangnv legend), war scenes, Visitors introduce the history and current situation of the Great Wall. (Can show in English or Japanese)
Capacity: 600 people per game
Showtime: 17 minutes
Opening hours: 8:00 am – 5:00 pm daily
Ticket price: 32 yuan for adults / 17 yuan for students / person
Address: Beijing Badaling Great Wall Tourist Attractions
There are more than 100 meters of whetstone on the east side of the road. There is a small hill on the east side of the road. There is a slab of rock on the mountain. There is a boulder with smooth surface and a figure sitting on the knees. Like the herringbone roof above, this is the image of the six Lang.
From the parking lot at the south exit of the Qinqinxia Tunnel, board the newly-built 60-level stone steps. On the stone wall in front of the platform, a statue of two meters high is embossed. The folklore is the image of the Goro. After Yang Hulang’s defeat at Jinsha Beach, he became a monk at Wutai Mountain, and thus he was dressed in a shackled image. However, a meticulous glimpse will reveal that the legend does not conform to the stone carvings. The “indians” of the Buddha statues (that is, the virtues of the legal world) indicate Amitabha. The Buddha statue is sitting on the knees, and the two legs are called “Auspicious sitting”; the two hands are placed on the legs, the fingers of both hands are crossed, the thumb is on the top, and the index finger is bent to make a “top grade” handprint. This is the highest hand of the nine handprints of Amitabha. He is the leader of the “Western Bliss World” and can take the Buddha to the “Western Pure Land”.
Why is this place to engrave Amitabha? In ancient times, this rocky ridge was next to the valley. It was the most dangerous part of Guangou Avenue and there was a legendary “five ghosts”. Therefore, the Amitabha was engraved, and the pedestrians were blessed by the “Buddha Blessing” and the road was safe.
On the stone wall of the Qinqin Gorge, there is a small cave, which was originally a temple. Gu Yanwu said: The Qinqin gorge “water flowing stone, sound like a piano, there is a Buddhist pavilion.” Today, there are no Buddha statues, only the threshold of the hole.
Playing the Qinxia
From the north exit of the Qinqinxia Tunnel to the side of the creek, you can see that the cliff is steep and not far to the east. The stone cliff is engraved with the six characters of “Piano Qinxia and Wuguitou”. It was originally the famous landscape of Guangou: “Piano Qinxia “. In ancient times, here the peaks and turns, the mountains and rivers are beautiful. The two mountains are opposite each other, the stone walls are opposite, and the clear stream flows. The stream flows down from the gentle slope, and the turbulence flows between the stone sarcophagi. There is a sound, and the stone walls on both sides resonate with it. It is melodious and mellow, such as the sound of the piano is crisp and sweet, hence the name “Piano Qinxia”, the Yuan Dynasty poet Chen Fu came here and wrote The poem “Moon for the golden emblem of the wind as a string, clear voice to be pointed to the bullet? Boya has a mountain tone, written in the pines and rocks.” Qing Dynasty poet Wei Yuan described this victory is: “no battlefield sadness, But looking for the Qin Gorge.” When the Beijing-Zhangjiao Railway was repaired, the northeast hills and canyons were cut to the ground, the Badaling Highway was repaired, and the mudstones that opened the mountains were used to fill the valleys. Now the stone wall inscriptions depend on it, and the beautiful sound of the stream swirling in the canyon is gone.
At 16:30 pm on October 14, 2009, a small rain came unexpectedly. The clouds over the north fourth floor of the Badaling Great Wall Scenic Area were like clouds, but the sun on the west side was already shining. At around 16:40, two rainbows crossed the Great Wall. In the face of this wonderful natural wonder, tourists took pictures with their cameras. After 5 minutes, the darker rainbow at the top faded. At 17 o’clock, the sky gradually cleared. The Great Wall and a rainbow of rainbow were all under the sun. After 10 minutes, the rainbow disappeared completely.
According to professional meteorological personnel, the Badaling Scenic Area is surrounded by mountains on three sides. When faced with water, the Great Wall is on the eastern ridge. Therefore, when the showers are clear in the afternoon, the sunlight is shining from the west side, and the probability of rainbow appears to be large, but at the same time there are two The rainbow is the first time it has come.
In 1961, it was issued by the State Council as a national key cultural relics protection unit. In 1988, the Great Wall of Badaling was listed as a World Heritage of Humanity by the United Nations. In 1991, Badaling topped the list in the National Top 40 Best Choices. In 2007, the National Tourism Administration awarded the national 5A level tourist attraction.
Origin of the name
Named after the homonym of “Badaling”. Because of the stratification of the mountains, the terrain is steep. It is said that the Great Wall built here has to turn eight bends and cross the eight large mountains. It was very difficult to build the Great Wall. The construction period was delayed. There were eight supervisors. And die. Finally, through the immortalization of the immortal, take the “repair of the city eight methods”, that is, “the tiger with the halter sheep back saddle, the swallow’s position mud monkey shoulders, the turtle stone strip rabbit lead the way, magpie bridge bridging stack”
Named after the homonym of “Bada Ridge”. According to legend, in the Yuan Dynasty, an emperor named “Bada Lili” came here. Seeing that the Guanshan Mountain is steep and Chongzhen is a jade, so Longyan Joy, the name “Badaling” is given here, and later it is called “Badaling”. However, inspecting historical materials such as “The Emperor’s Record of the Past Dynasties” and “The Chronology of the Chinese Emperor’s Events”, it is impossible to find out that there was an emperor named “Bada Lili” in the Yuan Dynasty, but there is a person named Ai Li Li Bian Li Da Da, who It is the fourth emperor Renzong of the Yuan Dynasty. It is rumored that he was born in Yanqing County where Badaling is located.
Named after the homonym of “putting 鞑靼”. It is said that during the Ming Dynasty, the Badaling area once became the front line of the defensive Manchu army. Because the Han people in the Ming Dynasty referred to the Manchu people in the northeast as “鞑靼”, some people thought that Badaling was “putting the shackles” (meaning the guardian ridge) The homonym.
Named after the “Ba Da Ling” homophonic. According to the biography, Li Zicheng led the army of the uprising to this end and was blocked from the Great Wall. Li Zicheng was anxious. At this time, the horse was reported and there were eight dangers ahead. Li Zicheng listened and sighed: “The Badaoling here is really difficult to cross. It seems that the storm is not good!” Then the commanding army of the uprising was diverted, and later it was called “Badaoling”.
The above four statements have no exact written records and are difficult to verify. In fact, the most credible statement should be the explanation in “Chang’an Kehua”: “The road is divided from this, extending in all directions.” Because Badaling is the outer mouth of Juyongguan, north to Yanqing, Chicheng, Mongolia, west to Zhangjiakou, Huailai, Xuanhua Datong, east to Yongning, Sihai, south to Changping, Beijing and other areas, can be described as extending in all directions, so it is an important important traffic artery and defense outpost in ancient times, known as the “Beijing North First Barrier”.
The “Changan Dialect” of the Ming Dynasty said, “The road is divided from this, extending in all directions, hence the name Badaling, the highest in Guanshan.”
The name of Badaling was first seen in the long poem of Liu Ying, the poet of the Jin Dynasty, “Under the Badaling, Dadan is on” and “Out of Badaling”. In the Yuan Dynasty, it was called “North Exit”, which is relative to the South. Nankou is located in Changping County, the northern suburb of Beijing. From the south exit to the north exit, there is a 40-mile-long valley in the middle. There is a famous gate of the Great Wall in the valley, Jujuguan. This gorge is named “Guangou”. The highest point at the northern end of Gaoduan Gully, Badaling. Here, the two peaks are sandwiched, one is opened in the middle, and the condescending is high. The situation is extremely dangerous. From the Badaling down to the Juyongguan, such as Jianye, such as the peek. “The ancients had the danger of being a mediocrity, not in Guancheng, but in Badaling.” The special terrain of the Badaling Mountain Pass has become a battleground for the dynasties of the dynasties. Badaling has become a strategic strategic location, dating back to the Spring and Autumn and Warring States.
According to the records of the “Historical Records” and the general survey of cultural relics, it has been proved that the Badaling area built the Great Wall during the Warring States Period, and now it still sees the remains of the wall, the abutment of the pier, and its direction, which is generally consistent with the Great Wall of the Ming Dynasty. It has been recorded as a military capital. Yong two Guancheng. The Northern Wei “Shui Jing Zhu” said: “Juyongguan is in the Juyong world, so the name is also, the south is the valley, the stone is the site, the Chongzhen is the wall, the non-light can be lifted… Its water calendar Shannan, Qijun The world…” Therefore, some experts believe that Hanju Juyongguan is located in Badaling. Where did the name of “Juyong” come from? It was Qin Shihuang who built the Great Wall, and migrated a group of poor peasants and prisoners from the south to settle in the small basin of the Jundu Mountain and the Sichuan Basin. When Emperor Wu of the Han Dynasty, he set up Zhechuan in Juyong County (like Yanqing). The geographical features and landscape flows recorded in the “Water Sutra” are the same as the geographical environment of Badaling.
The Northern Wei Dynasty, 1,500 years ago, built the Great Wall in the Badaling area. According to the “Wei Shu Shi Zu Ji”, the Northern Wei Dynasty Tuo’s Taiping Zhenjun seven years (446 years), in the north of the national capital Pingcheng (now Datong), built the Great Wall, named “畿上塞围”, east from Shanggu Jundu Mountain (the area around Badaling), west to the bank of the Yellow River. Later, in the sixth year of the Northern Qi Dynasty (555 years), he built the Great Wall, and started Datong in the west. He went to Shandong by the military capital and extended the Great Wall to the seaside.
The Badaling Great Wall was rebuilt in the Ming Dynasty. The Ming Taizu Zhu Yuanzhang knew the importance of the city wall in the military. When he became the emperor, he “built the wall high” and set up a defense war. At that time, the prefectures and counties of the prefectures also built cities. Zhu Yuanzhang sent generals Xu Da and Feng Sheng to lead the army to build a gate in the north, build the Great Wall, and step up the training of the fields to prevent the remnants of the Yuan.
In 1403, the third emperor of the Ming Dynasty, Ming Chengzu Zhu Xi, took the throne.
In 1420, he moved the capital from Nanjing to Beijing. Zhu Xi was determined to unify China. He had been levied on the Mongolian Plateau five times, and the army reached the vicinity of the Eunen River in Russia. After 1488, the vast and comprehensive construction of the Great Wall project began. After 270 years of long years, a total of 18 large-scale construction projects have finally built a high wall, starting from the Yalu River in Liaoning Province in the east and Bloem in the west of Jiayuguan in Gansu Province. This is what we usually say. See the Great Wall. The Ming Great Wall has a total length of more than 14,600 miles, passing through seven provinces, municipalities and autonomous regions in the north of China. No matter the level of engineering technology and the rigor of fortification, it is unmatched by the Great Wall. In this sense, it can be said that the Great Wall we have seen was built in the Spring and Autumn Period and the Warring States Period. It was connected to the Qin Shihuang period and perfected in the Ming Dynasty.
In the Ming Dynasty, the Great Wall of China was no longer a single high wall, but a deep defense system built into “layered defense”. The key areas also built many walls and gates. Ningxia, Shaanxi, Shanxi, Hebei and other places have built the Great Wall Double Track. There are four Great Walls in Shanxi. In important transportation and military sites, build a number of Guancheng and multi-lane walls, such as the Shili Valley in Yanmenguan, there are 28 stone walls, which can be described as “small barriers, step by step.”
Badaling is a testimony to many major events in history. After the first emperor Qin Shihuang was on the east side of the meteorite, he took Datong from Badaling and then drove back to Xianyang. The Queen Mother of the Tang Dynasty visited the Yuan Dynasty, the Yuan Taizu entered the customs, and the Emperor of the Yuan Dynasty traveled between Beijing and Shangdu twice a year, and the Northern Expedition of the Ming Dynasty. In the Qing Dynasty, the emperor of the emperor… Badaling is a must. There are countless poems in the dynasties of the emperors and nobles, and the literati, the Mok, and the Badaling. The earliest poetry was Gao Shi, a poet of the Tang Dynasty. His poem wrote that “the mountains and the rivers are high, and the mountains and the clouds are high.” As for the years of national disputes and the age of Jin Ge Tie Ma, Badaling has also staged a grand historical drama. Nowadays, the sufferings of the old China, the history of the two thousand years of history, and the past events of the dynasty have become distant pasts. The Great Wall is 100,000 miles and the culture is 5,000 years. The era has given the Badaling Great Wall a new mission. It is like a precious historical monument, standing on the top of the mountain, sparkling the brilliance of the Chinese national civilization and wisdom, and also showing the great qualities and spirit of the Chinese nation’s perseverance and perseverance. It has become a friendship link between the people of all nationalities, overseas Chinese and international friends. It is a precious cultural heritage of mankind.
One of the peaks of the Chinese military mountain. It is located in the south of Yanqing County in the northwest of Beijing, near Juyongguan in the northwest of the south. The layers are undulating, the peaks are stacked, and the majestic Great Wall of Badaling stands on the mountains. The Great Wall of China was first built in the Spring and Autumn Period in the 7th century BC, and has been built in the past. The Great Wall of Badaling was built in the Ming Dynasty and is the most complete section of the Great Wall. It is now a tourist attraction and a national key cultural relics protection unit. The wall is made of huge and neat stones, with an average height of 7.8 meters and a width of 5.8 to 6.5 meters. There are brick women’s walls and cornices in the city. Every half to one, there are enemy buildings and beacon towers. The Badaling Great Wall was selected by the World Record Association, China’s most preserved Great Wall.
The Great Wall is one of the world-famous miracles. It is like a giant dragon squatting on the vast land of northern China. It is the crystallization of the blood and sweat of the working people of ancient China, the symbol of ancient Chinese culture and the pride of the Chinese nation.
The Great Wall was built in the Qin Shihuang period. After the restoration of the past dynasties, the Great Wall we can see was almost built in the Ming Dynasty. The Badaling Great Wall is the best preserved section of the Ming Great Wall and the most representative section. Here is the outpost of Juyongguan, the important gateway of the Great Wall. The altitude is as high as 1015 meters. The terrain is dangerous and the city gate is strong. It has always been a battleground for the military. Ascend to the Great Wall of Badaling, looking far and wide, the mountains are undulating, and the majestic northern mountain is full of sight. The Great Wall is majestic because of the mountain, and the mountain is more dangerous because of the Great Wall.
“Not the Great Wall is not a hero.” It is unthinkable to go to Beijing without going to the Great Wall. So far, more than 300 world-renowned people including Nixon and Margaret Thatcher have appeared on the mountains and rivers of Badaling.
The Great Wall has long lost its military value, and with its unique charm, it has attracted a large number of Chinese and foreign tourists and become a world-famous tourist attraction. With the development of the tourism industry, the Great Wall, a symbol of the Chinese nation and an important cultural heritage of the world, will renew its vitality.
Looking into the distance, you can find that the Great Wall is divided into two peaks, the south and the north. It is on the ridge, and the dragons are leaping and the weather is very beautiful. Looking down, there are two door openings and a U-shaped wall satin afraid of the city. There are wall coverings on both sides of the wall of the city, and the enemy is surrounded on all sides. If the enemy breaks through the gate and floods into the city, it will be surrounded by the four sides of the city, and the enemy will fall. Yucheng is an important part of the Great Wall. It is generally built on the main roads of the terrain. The city of Badaling is no exception. Built on the ridge, limited by the terrain, it is on the mountain, east to west and west, east to west and wide, only 5,000 square meters. There are no wells in the city, the water source is lacking, and there are not many troops stationed in the city. The defending troops are stationed in the ramp city of Sanli in the northwest. The original “Cultural Court Mansion” in the city of Yucheng is for the emperor to pass through the residence or officials to stay. The distance between the two gates of Yucheng is 63.9 meters. The title of the West Gate is “North Gate Lock Key”. I have already said it in the past. On the gate of the city gate, there are huge double wooden doors installed in the ancient entrance. The door is equipped with wooden top columns and latches. In normal times, the gates are open and pedestrians are free to enter and exit; the war doors are closed and firm and sturdy; once the counterattacks are issued, the gates of the city are the exits of the army. The title of the East Gate of Yucheng is “Juyong Outer Town”, which was built in the 18th year of Ming Jiajing. On the city platform of Guancheng, which is in the outer city of Juyong, a stone monument was embedded in it for the Ming Dynasty. From the inscription, you can see the Great Wall, which has been completed in more than 80 years. The monument also records the time and length of the construction of the Great Wall, the presiding officer and the head of the pipe, the burning head, the head of the kiln, the head of the terracotta, and the name to clarify the responsibility. Standing down in the city, we saw the passing cars and the tourists passing through the door. It is not only an important military defense gate in ancient times, but also a traffic artery. From here, Nantong Changping, Beijing, north to Yanqing, northwest to Xuanhua, Zhangjiakou, “the road from this point, extending in all directions.” Badaling is also named after it.
Looking to the lower right, a cannon was displayed on the south side of the Dengchengkou, called “General Wei Da General.” The cannon is 2.85 meters long and has a diameter of 105 millimeters. It is named after the cannon has been cast with the name of “Hey Gods.” Its largest range is more than 500 meters, showing that the military industry at that time was relatively developed.
The 8th floor of the North is the highest building on the Badaling Great Wall, with a height of 888.9 meters. The building is also very distinctive. It was originally possible to board the enemy building and watch the mountain, but in order to protect the cultural relics, the door was closed.
From Guancheng City Station to the highest 4th floor of Nanfeng, the city wall is 685.8 meters long and the height is 142.4 meters. Especially between the south 3rd and the 4th floor, the ridge is narrow, the mountain is steep, and the Great Wall is more than 400 meters. The most dangerous part of the city, the slope is about 70 degrees, almost straight up and down. On the 1st floor of the South and the 2nd floor of the South, there is no repair of the second floor. From the base of the remaining 3rd floor of the South, there are also paving houses.
The 4th floor south of the Great Wall of Nanfeng has the highest terrain with an elevation of 803.6 meters. Looking down the stairs, the Great Wall hangs over the ridge from the southwest to the northeast, like a dragon, magnificent. It reminds people of the poems of Mr. Luo Zhewen, a famous expert of the Great Wall in China, who came to the Great Wall at Badaling; Qianfeng Pui Chui embraced the mediocrity, and the peak of the mountain north of the mountain. The key to the North Gate is set to be dangerous.
Go long. From the south 4th floor to the south 7th floor, the height gradually declined. Between the South 5th and the South 6th floor, on the ridge of the Great Wall, 30 meters away from the city wall, stands a white kiosk. This is the “Guizhou Province Restoration Great Wall Monument Pavilion” completed in June 1987. The 6th floor of the South is a paving house. The paving is built on the top of the upper floor. It is three wide, hard top, red pillar, gray tile, small and exquisite. This is probably the command post of the “Thousands of Generals” that year.
After the founding of New China, in 1952, Comrade Guo Moruo, who served as the vice premier of the State Council and director of the Cultural Education Committee, proposed to repair the Badaling Great Wall and receive domestic and foreign tourists.
Since the Qing Dynasty, the Badaling Great Wall has become increasingly deserted. The city gate of the “North Gate Lock Key” in the west of Guancheng is ruined by half; the “Quidun Town” pier in the east is crumbling; the wall of the Great Wall, the wall, the cornice, the wall and the enemy building are broken. . After the State Council made a decision on the restoration, the relevant departments immediately acted and then repaired several times.
In 1961, the State Council determined that Badaling Guancheng and the city wall were national key cultural relics protection units. In 1984, under the initiative of Comrade Deng Xiaoping “Love China, repair my Great Wall”, the ancient Xiongguan replaced the new face, and successively repaired 19 enemy buildings. The total length of the city wall was 3,741 meters, making the total area of the tour reach 19,000 square meters. In 1986, Badaling was named one of the sixteen new scenes in Beijing. In 1987, the United Nations accepted the Great Wall as a “world cultural heritage.” In August 1991, Badaling, as the essence of the Great Wall, received a certificate of human cultural heritage issued by UNESCO at the National Palace Museum in Beijing. In December 1991, the 40th China Tourism Resort Awards held in Zhuhai was announced at the naming conference (94 national candidate spots and 480,000 effective ballots). Badaling is famous for its attractions, with an absolute number of 370,000 votes. It has become the top of the forty best tourist destinations in China.
The Badaling Great Wall is well-known both at home and abroad. It is the earliest section of the Great Wall to open to visitors. “Not the Great Wall is not a hero.” so far. Badaling has received 130 million Chinese and foreign tourists. There are 372 foreign heads and many world figures from Nixon, Reagan, Thatcher, Gorbachev, Elizabeth and Heath. They boarded the Badaling sightseeing tour. This kind of situation is rare in the world’s scenic spots. The Badaling Great Wall left a deep impression on the visitors and an infinite aftertaste.
The Great Wall of Badaling, as the essence of the Great Wall, is welcoming the descendants of the world with its ancient and young majesty. Those who have been to the Great Wall are not surprised.
Today, the non-legacy office will cooperate with the Badaling Scenic Area to build a non-legacy exhibition base at the foot of the Great Wall and inherit the intangible cultural heritage. Shanxi cloth tiger, Tianjin Yangliu youth painting, Henan muddy, Beijing Changping rice lettering… More than 20 non-legacy projects from all over the country, lined up at the Wangjing Stone Square at the foot of the Badaling Great Wall. It is divided into weaving, carving, braiding, lacquering, paper-cutting, painting and drawing, and other units.
Badaling was originally a pass, and later built a city. During the three years of Minglongqing (1569) to the tenth year of Wanli (1582), barriers were built in various ports, and border towns, front walls, and horse walls were built on the hills on both sides of each mouth. Later, they were gradually built into the Great Wall. And build enemy buildings, piers and platforms. From Chuancaohuading, via Shifosikou, Qinglongqiao East Exit, Qinglong Bridge West Exit, Wangguayukou, Badalingkou, Huamuliangkou, Yujia Chongkou, Heigugukou to Shixia, total length of about 12 thousand Meter. The Badaling Great Wall, Guancheng, the city wall, the fortress and the Juyongguan in the middle of Guangou constitute the complete military defense system of Beijing in the Ming Dynasty.
Near the Badaling Railway Station, there is an imposing and sturdy building with a strong castle. This is the outpost headquarters of the “North Gate Lock Key” Guancheng – Shudao City. According to “Juyong Zhilu” contains: “Badaling is the imprisonment of Juyong, and the martyrdom is the barrier of Badaling.” At that time, there were three “total” and 800 troops, which played a very important military defense role in the Great Wall of Badaling.
Chen Zhan, next to the horse road at the entrance to the city in Badaling Guancheng, has five iron cannons, one of the advanced weapons of the time. One of the largest barrels is 2.85 meters long and has a diameter of 105 mm. The range is more than a kilometer and the power is very large. The gun body is engraved with the words “Geng Wei Shen Wei General”, which was made for the Ming Dynasty Chongzhen 11 years (1638). The gun was transported from the Zhangbao area, which was more than ten miles east of Badaling in 1958. The other four small-legged cannons were unearthed artifacts during the renovation of the Great Wall in 1957. At the same time, hundreds of artillery shells were discovered, all of which were Ming Dynasty products. According to “Wu Beizhi” records: “In ancient times, the machine was made of stone, and the wooden frame of the machine was shaped like a tiger cub. Later, the artillery was used. The gun body was short and thick, and the flowering bomber, the famous tiger and the cannon, commonly known as the field chicken gun,” This shows that the situation of weapons at that time is one of the spots.
There is a temple outside the East Gate of Badaling Guancheng. It is famous for its Jing Temple. There is a statue of Buddha with great grief in the stone rock. There is a memorial arch in the west gate, and the banner of the song “drives Hu Wanli”. In the 18th year of Hongzhi (1505), the temple and the archway were demolished when the Shaoguan Dali Temple was built by the government. Guancheng is set up in the east and west gates. The lower part of the west wall is built with more than 10 layers of granite strips, and the upper part is built with large city bricks. The wall is more than 20 meters wide, 17 meters thick and 7.8 meters high. The top is a rectangular city platform with a length of 19.8 meters, a width of 14.15 meters and an area of 280.17 square meters. 30 to 40 meters on both sides of the city platform, each building an enemy building, connected by a wall, and Guancheng constitute a corner. On both sides of the west wall, there are two walls, the south and the north. The two walls are built on the ridge, and the east is low and the west is high. It is U-shaped and meets at the east gate. The wall is 3.3 meters thick, 2070 meters in circumference and 7.6 meters high. The east and west gates are 63.9 meters apart and the urban area is about 5,000 square meters. In the eighteenth year of Jiajing (1539), Dongmen Gate was established, and the book of the door was “Juyong Town”; Wanli was established for ten years, and the door book “North Gate Lock Key” was well preserved.
The Badaling Great Wall is 6 to 9 meters high and has a trapezoidal plane with a bottom width of 6.5 to 7.5 meters and a top width of 4.5 to 5.8 meters. The tops of most of the walls are wide and flat, and can be “five horses riding and ten people in parallel”; in the area of Qinglong Bridge, the mountain is steep and steep, and the top of the wall is narrow, and the narrowest part is only 2 meters. The centerline of the city wall is on the outside, the outer wall is high, and the inner wall is low. The sides of the wall are covered with granite stone strips. The strips are 0.5 meters wide, 0.4 meters high and 0.8-1 meters long. The longest stone strips are 3.1 meters and weigh 1.5 to 1.7 tons. Regardless of the steep slopes or the gentle sections, the stone strips are horizontally leveled by layers, criss-crossed, cross-framed vertical, bite and integrated, and the joints are filled with mortar. Fill the walls with mud and stones and use tamping. The wall is made of 3 to 4 layers of bricks, and the joints are glued with lime paste. The wall is paved with wall tiles to make the top of the wall flat. The wall brick is 0.4 meters long, 0.2 meters wide and 0.1 meters thick. Each brick weighs 15 kilograms. In steep sections with large slopes, it forms a stairway for easy access. There are brick low walls on both sides of the wall, the outer side is called the 雉堞 or the 垛 wall, and the inner side is called the wall or the parapet wall. The wall is facing the enemy, the wall is 1.7 to 2 meters high, which is convenient for covering the human body. Generally, the mouth is built at the height of the human chest, and the distance between the mouths is about 1 meter. The bricks of the cornice are specially made, the one side is the oblique side, the code is on the mouth, it is fan-shaped, the outer width is narrow, and the observation surface is large. There is a viewing hole on the upper part of the dam. The lower part of the wall is built with perforations for archery and stone throwing. Part of the perforation and the brick surface of the lookout hole are engraved with a pattern. The inner wall is about 1 meter high. Both the wall and the wall are made of city bricks, and the top of the wall is made of a layer of ridge bricks. The ridge bricks are low in the middle and low in the medial side, which is easy to drain. A walled roadway is formed at the top of the wall, and a small water tank is built on both sides of the wall. The accumulated water flows along the water tank to the lower part of the lower wall, and the water is led to the spout nozzle outside the wall through the water outlet, and the effluent wall is outside. The spout is a stone trough that is more than 1 meter long and extends out of the wall on the inside of the Great Wall. At a certain distance, there is a city gate at the bottom of the city wall. The mouth is a voucher door hole, 1.8 meters high and 0.8 meters wide. The door frame is assembled with four pieces of stone with the same specifications. The door has stone steps leading to the top of the wall. The walls of the city wall are made of bricks in the places that cross the stream and the sand river. Some are as big as the city gates, such as the Shifo Temple water gate; some are smaller, like a bridge, and the city walls pass through the bridge. When the wall passes through the path, there is a pass, which can be accessed and blocked during wartime.
There are 43 enemy buildings in the Badaling Great Wall. The shapes are similar and different. There are wall tables for patrol and whistle. There are also upper and lower enemy platforms. The upper layer is surrounded by cornices and caves. The lower floor is for soldiers to stay and store materials. She. The distance from Taibao is based on the mountain and terrain. The general enemy building is two floors, 10 meters high and 10 meters long and wide. All are masonry structures, and the tops of the first and second floors are made up of a number of vaults, with stairways up and down. Both floors have a shooting port, a lookout mouth and a spout, and there is a cornice on the upper floor. The table protrudes outside the wall and closes the wall. 16 enemy buildings including the South Fourth Building, the North Fourth Floor and the North Fifth Floor have been restored.
1 south and north fourth floor. It is located on the south and north peaks of Guancheng. There are four enemy buildings in the south and north. It is the earliest open tour. The two peaks have a relatively high height difference and a steep slope. The enemy buildings stand from the low to the high, and the north and south echo. From Guancheng to the fourth floor of the south, the city wall is 685.8 meters long and the height is 127 meters. The average is 1 meter every 6 meters. Between the third and fourth floors, the mountain is steep, the city wall is about 500 meters, and the most dangerous slope is 70 degrees. From Guancheng to the fourth floor of the north, the city wall is 767.5 meters long and the height is 155 meters. It is longer than the south peak, but it is gentler than the south peak. The third floor is saddle-shaped, first down to the saddle and then to the fourth floor. There are more than 100 steps in this section. The Great Wall between the eight enemy buildings and the enemy building was restored in the 1950s. The four enemy buildings in Beifeng are two-storey, only three have been restored. The upper level of the third is not restored. The upper floors of the first and second blocks of Nanfeng have not been restored. The original buildings on the third floor of the south are still under the foundation. recovery. Each building has a record of the title stone that has been recorded and built. It has no deposit, only the monument. Some of the door hinges of the enemy building and the eyelets of the door are faintly visible.
2 North Fifth Floor. The enemy building with the largest number of voucher holes. The building is 9.25 meters long and 9.34 meters wide, with two floors above and below. From the ticket gate to the first floor, there are a lot of coupon holes, 4 rows of bricks on each side, each with a voucher top, and a total of more than 30 coupon holes hold up the second floor.
3 North 6th Floor. The largest enemy building. The building is 12.6 meters long and 8.5 meters wide, and the ground floor area is about 100 square meters. The long face is 7 rows of bricks, the wide side is 4 rows, and the dome is issued with coupons to form a square-shaped corridor ticket, which is left in the middle and becomes a rectangular patio. From the patio to the top of the building.
4 North Eighth Floor. At 888 meters above sea level, it is the highest enemy building in the Badaling Great Wall. It is the best place to overlook the Great Wall, so it is also known as the Japanese Terrace. There are two floors in the building and there are ladders. There are 6 arrow windows on the first floor, and the number of them is the first in the enemy building. The Guancheng platform is 1,500 meters away from the Great Wall of the North Eighth Building, with a relative height of 228 meters.
5 built a paved enemy building. Two of the newly restored enemy buildings are built. One is the North Tenth Building and the other is the South Sixth Floor. The pavilion is a small house built on the second floor, with a hardtop and a red pillar.
Also known as the beacon tower. There is a pier on each of the east and west hills outside the Great Wall at Badaling. The pier is high and has a height of five feet. It is built around a small town, with a height of one foot and five feet. There is a suspended building on the top of the building. There is a hanging bridge underneath, and the surrounding collapses traps; the water tank on the doorway, the winter ice, the summer water; Do not repair the steps, take the rope ladder up and down; each has a fire, two artillery pieces, there are 10 guards, defended by the nearby castle garrison, and the castle constitutes a defense network in depth. In the second year of Ming Chenghua (1466), the method of arbitrage was adopted, that is, the enemy came to more than 100 people for one shot; more than 500 people and two guns; more than 1,000 people and three guns; more than 5,000 people and four guns; More than five people and five cannons.
Also known as the wall table. It is slightly above the top of the Great Wall and is surrounded by platform-type buildings such as squat walls, cornices and caves. This is where the ancient soldiers patrol the whistle, and where the defense is carried out during the war. For example, the platform at the top of the Badaling Guancheng Gate is the city platform.
The main thoroughfare or terrain that is built along the Great Wall is a bunker-style building with one, two and three floors, varying in size. It can store weapons, ammunition and other strategic materials, which are more effective than enemy buildings. According to the “Four Towns and Three Guanzhi” written by Liu Xiaozu in the Ming Dynasty, under the planning and supervision of Qi Jiguang, from the Shanhaiguan to the Great Wall of Beijing, a total of 1,200 enemy stations and battle platforms were built (the original plan was to build 3,000). . When the war broke out, on the enemy’s platform, “from the top, use firearms, Buddhist machines, and mother-guns to fight more”, “the device used to replace it with a gun.” A battle platform generally requires 30 people to watch the stage, 30 people to guard the squad, divided into 6 s, and 30 jins of gunpowder. In addition, there are still arrows, iron bars, and thousands of large and small stones on the battle platform, as well as one month of rations and water. This kind of “professional, sophisticated, and skillful” platform facilities can be attacked and defended, and can be closely coordinated with military facilities such as the city platform and the enemy station (enemy building) on the Great Wall. The dense firepower network greatly enhances the combat power, effectively blocks the enemy’s attack, and plays a very important strategic and tactical role in military defense.
Beijing’s spring and autumn are not hot or cold, and the climate is moderate. It is an ideal tourist season, especially in the autumn, the weather is pleasant and the climate is pleasant. It is the ‘Golden Beijing’ which is praised by Chinese and foreign tourists. The best tourist month of the year is April, May, September and October.
Located on the northern edge of the North China Plain, Beijing is a typical warm temperate semi-humid continental monsoon climate with four distinct seasons. Spring flowers, autumn months, summer rain, and winter snow have their own characteristics. The annual average temperature is 11.8 °C, the coldest January average temperature is -4.6 °C, the hottest is July, and the monthly average is 26.1 °C. Beijing spring and autumn are shorter and winter is slightly longer. The average annual precipitation is 644 mm and the frost-free period is 180 days. Although Beijing is long in winter, the indoor heat extraction equipment is very good and warm as spring. Because of the large temperature difference between indoor and outdoor, in winter, travel to Beijing, sweaters, cotton coats still need to bring.
Beijing newspapers, radio stations, and TV stations have weather forecasts and explanations. Please watch them. You can also dial 859, which provides weather forecasts for the day and the next day in both Chinese and English.
However, Beijing’s excursions are mostly humanities, historical sites, folk customs, and these projects are not affected by the climate, so you can travel to Beijing all year round. In winter, travel agencies and restaurants in Beijing offer off-season prices, which can save a lot.
You can avoid the holiday to visit the Great Wall; come to visit as far as possible to take the 877 bus or S2 line train; contact with the police in case of emergency with family members, falls and other injuries. The slopes of some parts of the Great Wall are very large. It is best to wear sneakers. Women should not wear high heels.